Climate comparison



All information: Gambia
All information: Germany
Select other countries:

Climate zoneTropicsTemperate zone
Latitudes13° 47' N to 13° 12' N55° 1' N to 47° 25' N
Distance to equator1,500 km5,300 - 6,100 km
Annual valuesGambiaGermany
Ø Daytime maximum temperature32.90 °C13.80 °C
Ø Daily low temperature20.70 °C5.6 °C
Ø Water temperature24.60 °C9.9 °C
Ø Humidity66 %79 %
Precipitation967 mm708 mm
Rain days58.8 days118.8 days
Hours of sunshine2,738 hrs.1,716 hrs.

Colors of the following climate diagrams:

Daily maximum temperatures

The highest daytime temperatures in the Gambia are reached in March with an average of 35.3 °C. The coldest month, on the other hand, is August, with an average of just 31.2 °C. In Germany, July is the warmest month, with 24.0 °C. There, it is coolest in January with an average of 3.4 °C.

Night time lows

At night, it cools down to varying degrees depending on the country and altitude. In the Gambia, temperatures drop as low as 16.8 °C in January. The warmest nights are in July at 23.5 °C. In Germany, it is coolest at night in January at -1.4 °C and warmest in July at 13.4 °C. This corresponds to a cooling of 7.8 to 17.0 °C in the Gambia and 4.7 to 10.6 °C in Germany.

Water temperatures


The humidity of the air depends to a large extent on the air temperature. The warmer the air, the more water it can absorb. At a temperature of 25°C it is 23 grams per cubic meter, at 30 degrees it is already 26 grams. Therefore, the air humidity is given as a relative value to the temperature-dependent maximum amount. It becomes unpleasant when high humidity is combined with high temperatures.


Humidex is an approximate, sensed temperature calculated on the basis of air temperature, dew point and humidity. It was developed in 1965 by the Canadian meteorologists J. M. Masterton and F. A. Richardson. Since the wind speed is ignored here, it is not very meaningful in areas below approx. 15°C. Above that, it is more reliable, since at higher temperatures humidity plays a greater role than wind.

Rain days per month

By definition, a rain day is a day on which at least 0.1 liters of precipitation per m² fall. This corresponds to a 1 square meter puddle in which the water stands 0.1 mm high — insofar as the water does not seep away or evaporate. So it does not have to rain all day long. September brings the most rainy days (17.0) in the Gambia. With an average of only 0.3 days, February is the friendliest. In Germany, it rains most often in January with 12.3 days.

Precipitation amount per day

Depending on the season and the location of a country, the wind brings a varying amount of water with it. As a rule, the water evaporating in the oceans is absorbed and then transported inland. The greatest amount of rain (hail or dew are also forms of precipitation) in the Gambia occurs in August, when about 11.8 liters per square meter fall per day. In Germany, the average amount of precipitation ranges from 1.2 liters per day in April to 2.6 in July. However, these are average values. If you consider that there are only 14.0 rainy days in the Gambia in August, each of them accounts for about 25.2 liters.

Sunshine hours per day

With 2,738 hours of sunshine per year, Gambia is in the lead. The most hours of sunshine (8.7 per day) are in March. Germany falls into second place with only 1,716 hours. There the sun is visible in December for only 1.3 hours per day, so not hidden behind clouds.

Hours of daylight

The length of a day varies throughout the year and depends on the distance from the equator. In December, the day in the Gambia is only 11.4 hours long. In June, on the other hand, it is 12.9 hours. In Germany, it is 8.1 hours in December and 16.6 in June.
Climate changes by continentsGlobal warming by continentsAvg. temperatures from 1950 to 2023. Increased in Europe and North America - Antarctic colder again.
Natural disasters worldwideMost severe natural disasters worldwideThe most severe earthquakes, volcanos and tsunamis by region and severity
Austria: ClimateClimate and temperature development in AustriaA climate analysis for Austria incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, water temperature, rainfalls