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Natural gas and oil in Yemen

Energy consumption in Yemen

The most important figure in the energy balance of Yemen is the total consumption of
3.68 billion kWh
of electric energy per year. Per capita this is an average of 112 kWh.

Yemen can completely be self-sufficient with domestically produced energy. The total production of all electric energy producing facilities is five bn kWh, also 130 percent of own requirements. The rest of the domestically produced energy is either exported into other countries or unused. Along with pure consumption, the production, imports and exports play an important role. Other energy sources, such as natural gas or crude oil are also used.

Back to overview: Yemen

Energy Balance

ElectricitytotalYemen
per capita
USA
per capita
Own consumption3.68 bn kWh111.61 kWh11,756.77 kWh
Production4.78 bn kWh145.05 kWh12,338.29 kWh

73.8% of the country's population (as of 2020) has access to electricity.In rural areas, the share was 61.9%
Crude OilBarrel/dayYemen
per capita
USA
per capita
Production61,000.00 bbl0.002 bbl0.033 bbl
Export8,990.00 bbl0.000 bbl0.003 bbl

In 2018 there were still 3.00 bn barrels of recoverable but not yet used crude oil reserves in the currently known deposits of Yemen. Worldwide, there are still proved oil reserves totaling around 1.6 tn billion barrels. Yemen therefore has a share of 0.185% and ranks 29th out of 98 countries with crude oil reserves.
Natural GasCubic metersYemen
per capita
USA
per capita
Own consumption481.40 m m³14.60 m³2,312.79 m³
Production481.40 m m³14.60 m³2,328.46 m³

CO₂ emissions

CO₂ emissions
in 2019
Yemen
per capita
USA
per capita
total11.10 m t0.35 t14.67 t


Development of CO₂ emissions from 1960 to 2019 in million tons
See also: CO₂ equivalents by country

CO₂ emissions Yemen


Production capacities per energy source

The given production capacities for electric energy have a theoretical value, which can only be obtained under ideal conditions. They are measuring the generatable amount of energy, that would be reached under permanent and full use of all capacities of all power plants.

In practice this isn't possible, because e.g. solar collectors are less efficient under clouds. Also wind- and water-power plants are not always operating under full load. All these values are only useful in relation to other energy sources or countries.

Energy sourcetotal
in Yemen
Percentage
in Yemen
Percentage
USA
per capita
in Yemen
per capita
USA
Fossil fuels12.59 bn kWh79,0 %70,0 %381.67 kWh20,083.19 kWh
Nuclear power0.00 kWh0,0 %9,0 %0.00 kWh2,582.12 kWh
Water power0.00 kWh0,0 %7,0 %0.00 kWh2,008.32 kWh
Renewable energy3.35 bn kWh21,0 %14,0 %101.46 kWh4,016.64 kWh
Total production capacity15.93 bn kWh100,0 %100,0 %483.13 kWh28,690.27 kWh
Actual total production4.78 bn kWh30.0 %43.0 %145.05 kWh12,338.29 kWh

Usage of renewable energies

Renewable energy includes wind, solar, biomass and geothermal energy sources. This means all energy sources that renew themselves within a short time or are permanently available. Energy from hydropower is only partly a renewable energy. This is certainly the case with river or tidal power plants. Otherwise, numerous dams or reservoirs also produce mixed forms, e.g. by pumping water into their reservoirs at night and recovering energy from them during the day when there is an increased demand for electricity. Since it is not possible to clearly determine the amount of generated energy, all energy from hydropower is displayed separately.

In 2019, renewable energy accounted for around 3.1 percent of actual total consumption in Yemen. The following chart shows the percentage share from 1990 to 2019:

Renewable energy Yemen
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