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Transport and infrastructure in Vietnam

Our listing of the primary kinds of transport compares the infrastructure of Vietnam with the average of all countries in Asia. The main traffic and transport routes are in good condition, but do not reach the level of the leading industrial nations.

In terms of the length of its rail network, Vietnam ranks 125th in the world with 0.03 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 2,481 kilometers long. Freight traffic on the rails most recently totaled 3.99 billion tons and kilometers traveled. Passenger traffic reached 3.54 billion passenger-kilometers in 2018.

The waterways listed refer to inland traffic on rivers and canals. The number of ports includes those located on the total 3,444 km of coastline. In 2019, about 13.66 million freight containers were transported.

Airports in Vietnam


Back to overview: Vietnam

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 195,468 km. For each of the country's 97.34 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 2.01 meters. This puts Vietnam in 174th place in the global ranking. However, the country's size and population density of around 294 inhabitants per km² must also be taken into account. Countries with fewer inhabitants on the same or even larger area naturally achieve quite different values here and have to connect remote areas to the transport network despite a smaller population.

With an average of 25136 traffic fatalities per year (2012 - 2019), road traffic in Vietnam is considered quite dangerous. This corresponds to around 4.3 accident fatalities per 26.9 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 5.9 in the European Union as a whole and 17.1 worldwide.

In Vietnam, traffic drives on the right-hand side of the road, i.e. people drive in the right-hand lane and overtake on the left. Oncoming traffic comes toward you on the left side. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.


 

Vietnam

 totalper 1 mio
inhabitants
per km²
Roadways195,500 km2,008.12 km590.13 m
Railroads2,500 km25.49 km7.49 m
Waterways47,130 km484.19 km142.29 m
Commercial harbors1,92619.790.006
Airports450.460.136
 

Asia

 total per 1 mio
inhabitants
per km²
Roadways14,699,500 km3,186.29 km459.66 m
Railroads280,000 km60.70 km8.76 m
Waterways260,300 km56.42 km8.14 m
Commercial harbors46,0549.980.001
Airports4,3490.940.000


Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
UNCTAD
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
Vietnam: AirportsLargest airports and airlines in VietnamThe 20 biggest airports and 6 airlines in Vietnam with further information and data
Vietnam: ClimateClimate and temperature development in VietnamA climate analysis for Vietnam incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, Water temperature, Rainfalls
Ranking: MegacitiesMega cities - the biggest cities all over the worldRanking of the biggest cities worldwide. On top: Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing