Tsunamis in Turkey

In a total of 6 tidal waves classified as a tsunami since 365 a total of 705 people died in Turkey. Compared to other countries, Tsunamis therefore occur rather rarely.

The strongest tidal wave registered in Turkey so far reached a height of 3 meters. At this Tsunami on 09/03/1968 no losses of human lifes have been registered.

The biggest impact in terms of lifes, injuries, destroyed homes and economy had been a tsunami on 10/14/1344.

Other natural hazards in Turkey:
Earthquake
The most severe natural disasters worldwide


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The marked positions on the map represent the most effected regions within the past 1700 years.

Tsunamis are caused by earthquakes or other seismic eruptions on ground of an oceans and can cause massive tidal waves, which run with enormous force on land, causing great devastation. Especially in regions with only few tsunamis, the damage is often drastic, as the population does not expect tsunamis and thus hardly takes any protective measures. Even relatively small flood waves can lead to high losses and financial damage.

The largest tsunamis in Turkey since 0365

DateCausemax wave heightDeathsTotal damage
07/20/2017Earthquake in Turkey (Gulf Of G?kova) with a magnitude of 6.6.2 m0
08/17/1999Earthquake in Turkey (Kocaeli, Turkey) with a magnitude of 7.6.2.5 m5
09/03/1968Earthquake in Turkey (Black Sea) with a magnitude of 6.6.3 m0
07/09/1956Earthquake in Greece (Cyclades) with a magnitude of 7.8.2.1 m0
10/14/1344Earthquake in Turkey (Marmara Sea, Strait Of Bosporus) with a magnitude of 7.5.0 m0
07/21/0365Earthquake in Greece (Crete) with a magnitude of 8.0. The tsunami also reached Egypt, Spain, Greece. A total of 5,000 humans died.0 m700


These statistics are based on datas from the National Geophysical Data Center / World Data Service (NGDC/WDS): Global Historical Tsunami Database. doi:10.7289/V5TD9V7K. Several data have been summarized and translated.
Natural disasters worldwideMost severe natural disasters worldwideThe most severe earthquakes, volcanos and tsunamis by region and severity
Turkey: EarthquakeEarthquakes in TurkeyEarthquakes and their intensities in Turkey
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