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Tsunamis in Turkey

In a total of 7 tidal waves classified as a tsunami since 365 a total of 705 people died in Turkey. Compared to other countries, Tsunamis therefore occur rather rarely.

The strongest tidal wave registered in Turkey so far reached a height of 5.3 meters. At this Tsunami on 10/30/2020 no losses of human lifes have been registered.

The biggest impact in terms of lifes, injuries, destroyed homes and economy had been a tsunami on 10/14/1344.

Other natural hazards in Turkey:
Earthquake
The most severe natural disasters worldwide


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Tsunamis are caused by earthquakes or other seismic eruptions on ground of an oceans and can cause massive tidal waves, which run with enormous force on land, causing great devastation. Especially in regions with only few tsunamis, the damage is often drastic, as the population does not expect tsunamis and thus hardly takes any protective measures. Even relatively small flood waves can lead to high losses and financial damage.

The marked positions on the map represent the most effected regions within the past 1700 years.

The largest tsunamis in Turkey since 365 AD.

DateCauseMax. tidal waveFatalitiesTotal damage
10/30/2020Earthquake in Turkey (Aegean Sea) with a magnitude of 7.0.5.3 m0
07/20/2017Earthquake in Turkey (Gulf Of G?kova) with a magnitude of 6.6.2 m0
08/17/1999Earthquake in Turkey (Kocaeli, Turkey) with a magnitude of 7.6.2.5 m5
09/03/1968Earthquake in Turkey (Black Sea) with a magnitude of 6.6.3 m0
07/09/1956Earthquake in Greece (Cyclades) with a magnitude of 7.8.2.1 m0
10/14/1344Earthquake in Turkey (Marmara Sea, Strait Of Bosporus) with a magnitude of 7.5.0 m0
07/21/365Earthquake in Greece (Crete) with a magnitude of 8.0. The tsunami also reached Egypt, Spain, Greece. A total of 5,000 humans died.0 m700


These evaluations are based on data from the Global Historical Tsunami Database of the National Geophysical Data Center, NOAA, and World Data Service (NGDC/WDS), doi:10.7289/V5PN93H7. Individual data have been summarized or translated.
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