Transport and infrastructure in Syria

Our listing of the primary types of transport compares the infrastructure of Syria with the average of all countries in Asia. The traffic routes have noticeable defects in many places and are often not in particularly good condition.

In terms of the length of its rail network, Syria ranks 79th in the world with 0.10 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 2,052 kilometers long. Passenger traffic reached 1.22 billion passenger-kilometers in 2013.

The waterways listed refer to inland traffic on rivers and canals. The number of ports includes those located on the 193 km of coastline. In 2020, about 243,348 freight containers were transported.

Airports in Syria

Back to overview: Syria

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 69,873 km. For each of the country's 21.32 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 3.28 meters. This puts Syria in 140th place in the global ranking. However, the country's size and population density of around 115 inhabitants per km² must also be taken into account. Countries with fewer inhabitants in the same or even larger area naturally achieve quite different values here and have to connect remote areas to the transport network despite a smaller population.

With an average of 4222 traffic fatalities per year (2013 - 2019), road traffic in Syria is considered rather mixed. This corresponds to 21.5 accident fatalities per 100,000 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 12.3 in the USA and 17.0 worldwide.

In Syria, traffic drives on the right-hand side of the road, i.e. people drive in the right-hand lane and overtake on the left. Oncoming traffic comes toward you on the left side. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.



 totalper 1 mio
per km²
Roadways69,900 km3,276.67 km377.32 m
Railroads2,100 km96.23 km11.08 m
Waterways900 km42.21 km4.86 m
Commercial harbors281.310.000


 total per 1 mio
per km²
Roadways16,613,000 km3,524.24 km519.50 m
Railroads280,000 km59.41 km8.76 m
Waterways260,300 km55.21 km8.14 m
Commercial harbors45,9989.760.001

Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
Syria: ClimateClimate details in SyriaA climate analysis for Syria incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, water temperature, rainfalls
Ranking: MegacitiesMega cities - the biggest cities all over the worldRanking of the biggest cities worldwide. On top: Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing
Japan: Public HolidaysPublic holidays in Japan 2023-2027Statutory and inofficial holidays in Japan for 2023 to 2027