Syria

Syria auf der Karte
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Syria

Presidential republic, independant since 1941

Region:
Western Asia
Area:
185,180 km²
Local name:
Suriya
Capital:
Damascus
On further pages:
Timezones
Sunrise + Sunset
Climate
Tourism
Infrastructure + Transport
Economy
Inflation Rates
Energy consumption
Telecommunication
Refugees
Country comparison
Current time in Syria:

The countrywide time in Syria is Eastern European Time (EET).
As in many countries far away from the equator, there is a daylight saving time in summer.
So the difference to Greenwich Mean Time is usually +2 hours in summer and +3 hours in winter.

Timezones and clock changesSunrise and sunset

Population

18,270,000
98.66
Ø 64.5 years
Life expectancy females:
Ø 77.1 years
Birthrate:
21.5 ‰
Deathrate:
5.5 ‰
Males/Females:
50.5% : 49.5%

Population pyramid

Population pyramid Syria 2017
The currency in Syria is Syrian Pound (SYP).
1 Pound is divided into 100 Piastres.
Status: 08/16/2018
1 US Dollar = 515.03 Pound
1000 Pound = 1.94 US Dollar

The climate in Syria

The climate in Syria is subtropical. So it is much drier and warmer than in the most parts of the US or Central Europe. Only in a few humid months per year the intense of rain is a bit higher. Depending on the season, the average daytime temperatures range between 13 and 37 degrees. In some parts of the country the temperature raises up to 41 °C. In the colder months and depending in the region, the temperature lowers down to 3°C in a month's average.

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

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Languages

Official language:
Arabic

mother tonguedistribution
Arabic90.0 %
Kurdish9.0 %
other1.0 %

Religions

Branchdistribution
Christs10.0%
Sunni74.0%
Shia11.0%
Druze4.0%
Yazidis0.8%
other0.2%

Economy more...

(per year)
GDP:29,481.95 M €
Exportations:1,581.0 M €
Importations:5,000.4 M €
Tourism receipts:1.30 bn €
Unemployment rate:15.2 %
Inflation rate:36.70 %
corruption index:14 (very bad)
Energy consumption:14.0 bn kWh

Land use

6% Urban areas:11,955 km²
75% Agricultural areas:139,210 km²
3% Forest:4,903 km²
1% Water areas:1,550 km²
15% Others:27,562 km²

Transport more...

Roadways:69,873 km
Railways:2,052 km
Waterways:900 km
Airports:90

Most important cities in Syria

CityRegionPopulation
Damascus / CapitalDimashq1,711,000
AleppoAleppo1,800,000
HomsHoms775,000
HamahHama461,000
LatakiaLatakia340,000
Deir ez-ZorDeir ez-Zor243,000
Ar RaqqahAr-Raqqah178,000
Al BabAleppo131,000
IdlibIdlib129,000
DoumaRif-dimashq112,000
Dar'aDaraa98,000
As SalamiyahHama95,000
TartoussTartus89,000
Ath ThawrahAr-Raqqah88,000
Al HasakahAl-Hasakah82,000
DarayyaRif-dimashq72,000
JablahLatakia66,000
As Suwayda'As-Suwayda59,000
Albu KamalDeir ez-Zor58,000
Ar RastanHoms53,000
Khan ShaykhunIdlib49,000
BaniyasTartus39,000
Al QunaytirahQuneitra36,000
TafasDaraa31,000
Ad DarbasiyahAl-Hasakah21,000
ShahbaAs-Suwayda15,000




Political indicators

(Based on the "Worldwide Governance Indicators" project of the World Bank)

Political stability:
Rule of law:
Effectivity:
Regulatory quality:
Voice accountability:
Death penalty:constitutionally allowed



Alliances