The climate in Oman

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

All climate diagrams on this page come from the collected data of 30 weather stations.
Weather stations at an altitude above 880m have not been included.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.

Back to overview: Oman

Climate zone: The northern parts of Oman are in the subtropics, the southern regions are in the tropics.

It is warm to hot all year round, inviting bathing at average water temperatures of 27 degrees. The warmest and at the same time rainiest region is Az Zahirah. The coldest is Zufar.
Duration of daylight and sunshine in Oman
Compare climate with other regions or countries
Hours of sunshine per daySunshine hours per day in Oman
Rain days per monthRain days per month in Oman
Precipitation in mm/dayPrecipitation in Oman
Water temperatureWater temperatures in Oman
Relative humidity in %Relative humidity in Oman
Absolute humidity in g/m³Absolute humidity in Oman

Regions in Oman

All figures per year. For detailed climate data click on the name of the region.

max Ø day
min Ø night
Al Batinah34.8 °C22.9 °C11 102 l
Ash Sharqiyah34.0 °C22.7 °C3,833 h13 230 l
Az Zahirah36.3 °C22.7 °C10 80 l
Muhafazat ad Dakhiliyah35.2 °C22.3 °C2,592 h12 120 l
Muhafazat Masqat33.1 °C24.5 °C2,409 h10 91 l
Musandam33.9 °C26.1 °C0 h11 142 l
Zufar28.3 °C21.8 °C2,263 h24 120 l

Temperature records of the last 46 years

The hottest temperature measured from 1977 to January 2023 was reported by the Fahud weather station. In September 2009, the record temperature of 58.5 °C was reported here. The hottest summer from July to September, based on all 36 weather stations in Oman below 880 meters altitude, was recorded in 2015 with an average temperature of 32.7 °C. This average temperature will normally be measured every four to six hours, thus also including the nights. Normally, this value is 31.5 degrees Celsius. The average maximum daily temperature at that time was 38.9 °C.

The coldest day in these 46 years was reported by the Sunaynah weather station. Here the temperature dropped to -6.3 °C in March 2019. Sunaynah lies at an altitude of 257 meters above sea level. The coldest winter (January to March) was in 2023 with an average temperature of 20.8 °C. In Oman, it is usual to have about 2.0 degrees more at 22.9 °C for this three-month period.

The most precipitation fell in February 2004. With 344.8 mm per day, the Marmul weather station recorded the highest monthly average of the last 46 years. Incidentally, the region with the most rainfall for the whole year is around Ibra. The driest region is near Thumrait.

Data basis and methodology

The data from the individual measuring stations are based on the archives of the German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements. In order to determine a representative national average, average values were first calculated for each part of the country, which were then summarized at the national level. Thus, if a disproportionate number of weather stations are located in a small area, their number does not affect the national average.
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