Public health and Covid-19 in Laos

Healthcare in Laos

Healthcare in Laos is slightly below average in a worldwide comparison.

Probably the most important indicator that can be used to summarize the efficiency of all measures is general life expectancy. In other words, the theoretical age that a newborn child could potentially reach today. At the moment, this age in Laos is 66.5 years for men and 70.6 years for women. For comparison: worldwide life expectancy is about 3.8 years lower (men: 69.8 / women: 74.9 years).

A total of 68.22 USD per inhabitant is spent annually on health measures at state expense. This corresponds to approximately 2.6 percent of the gross domestic product. Internationally, this amount averages 1,115.01 USD (~ 9.8% of the respective GDP).

Back to overview: Laos

Spread of COVID-19 in Laos

Since the beginning of the pandemic until March 28th, 2023, a total of 218,027 infected people and 758 deaths have been reported in Laos.

The total of 218,027 infected people currently represents 3.0 percent of the total population. The number of new infections during the seven days preceding March 28th, 2023, was 4, for a 7-day incidence of 0.1 cases per 100,000 population. Since the outbreak of the pandemic, this results in a mortality rate of about 0.3 percent in Laos.

Current vaccination status

According to official WHO data, a total of 15.05 million vaccine doses have been administered as of January 19th, 2023. More recent data are not yet available to WHO. There are 6.29 million people who have received at least one vaccination (86.5 percent). The booster vaccination was received by 2.36 million people (32.4 percent).

5.65 million of these are considered fully vaccinated in Laos (= 77.6 percent).
This means that Laos is still one of the better countries in terms of vaccination coverage. The vaccination rate is higher in 57 countries.

Weight and size

Body height162 cm153 cm
Weight59.5 kg53.7 kg


LaosØ worldwide
Diabetes *6.40%8.81%
HIV / Aids0.02%0.03%

* The number of people suffering from diabetes refers only to inhabitants aged between 20 and 79 years.

Child vaccinations

LaosØ worldwide
Hepatitis B0.08%0.08%
DTP *7.50%8.14%

* DTP is a combined basic vaccination against diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough) and tetanus, which should be given to children up to the age of 23 months.

In Laos, 31.8 percent of all over 15-year-olds are still smokers.
The number of underweight newborns is 17 percent.

Medical supplies

Public health and Covid-19 in LaosMedical care provided by doctors and hospitals in Laos is below average compared to the world population. The country provides 1.5 hospital beds per 1,000 inhabitants. The global mean here is 2.9 beds. Within the EU, 4.6 beds are available for every 1,000 residents.

With about 3,710 physicians in Laos, there are about 0.50 doctors per 1000 inhabitants. Here again the comparison: worldwide this standard is 1.50 physicians per 1,000 inhabitants and in the EU is 3.57.

Through medical care, the mortality rate of major known diseases can be reduced as far as possible. For example, only about 27 percent of all people who suffer from cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases or chylomicron retention disease (CRD) currently die.

Drinking water supply

Explanation of the graph:
Red line: access to water supply via wells or delivered drinking water
Green bars: Permanent access to running and tested drinking water connection

Only around 18 percent of the population has access to an immediately available running water supply. At least via springs and wells within a maximum distance of 30 minutes or supplied water, 85 peprcent of the population is supplied with largely clean drinking water. In a global comparison, only about 74 percent of the population has direct access to tested and always available drinking water. Within the European Union, this share is 98 percent. Only in a few countries does the proportion fall below 10 percent.


The above data correspond to the information from the World Health Organization, Global Health Workforce Statistics, UNICEF, State of the World's Children, Childinfo, Global Health Observatory Data Repository and OECD. The case numbers for the spread of the COVID-19 come from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC).

Comparison: average ageAverage age by countryRising average age worldwide: since 1950 alone, more than 4 years. A list by country.
Comparison: Life expectancyAverage life expectancy by countryInternational ranking of life expectancy in 123 countries including summary by continents. Explanation of significant factors.
Comparison: quality of lifeQuality of life in country comparisonCompare the quality of life around the globe: In which countries is life pleasant, safe and healthy?