The climate in Jordan

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

All climatic diagrams of this page are taken from the collected data from 10 measuring stations in Jordan.
Weather stations at an altitude above 930m have not been included.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.

Back to overview: Jordan

Climate zone: Subtropics of the northern hemisphere

In 8 months the average temperatures are over 25 degrees. Pleasant water temperatures of up to 26 degrees even invite you to take a bath in the warm season. Due to the warmer temperatures the best time for traveling is from July to August. Nearly unattractive for tourists are the cold months from November to March.

Duration of daylight and sunshine in Jordan

hours of sunshine per daySunshine hours per day in Jordan
rainy days per monthRainy days per month in Jordan
Precipitation in mm/dayPrecipitation in Jordan
Water temperatureWater temperatures in Jordan
Relative humidity in %Relative humidity in Jordan
Absolute humidity in g/m³ (approx.)Absolute humidity in Jordan
Climate charts for other regions in Jordan

Temperature records of the last 61 years

The hottest temperature measured from 1960 to June 2021 was reported by the Ghor Safi weather station. In July 2018 the record temperature of 49.3 °C was reported here. The hottest summer from July to September, based on all 5 weather stations in Jordan below 930 metres altitude, was recorded in 2010 with an average temperature of 31.0 °C. This average temperature will normally be measured every 4 to 6 hours, thus also including the nights. Normally, this value is 27.8 degrees Celsius. The average maximum daily temperature at that time was 38.5 °C.

The coldest day in these 61 years was reported by the weather station Mafraq. Here the temperature dropped to -7.6 °C in January 2008. Mafraq lies at an altitude of 683 meters above sea level. The coldest winter (January to March) was in 1992 with an average temperature of 6.7 °C. In Jordan, it is usual to have about 4.9 degrees more at 11.6 °C for this three-month period.

The most precipitation fell in Januar 1974. With 7.6 mm per day, the Amman Airport weather station recorded the highest monthly average of the last 61 years.

Long-term development of temperatures from 1997 - 2019

In contrast to single record values, a long-term development cannot simply be brought about by all weather stations in the country. Both the number and the locations are constantly changing. A simply calculated average value would give a falsified result. If several measuring stations in particularly cold mountain or coastal regions are added in one year, the average would already decrease as a result of this alone. If a station fails during the summer or winter months, it does not provide any values and falsifies the average again. The subsequent long-term development was therefore reduced to only 1 measuring points in order to have actually comparable data over as long a period as possible.

In the years 1997 to 2019 there were only these 1 weather stations in the whole country, which reported continuous temperature values (Mafraq). From these weather reports we have created a long-term development that shows the monthly average temperatures. The hottest month in this entire period was 2010 with 28.8 °C. 2008 was the coldest month with an average temperature of 4.6 °C.

The average annual temperature was about 17.4 °C in the years after 1997 and about 18.1 °C in the last years before 2019. It has therefore increased only slightly by about 0.8 °C over the past 23 years. This trend only applies to the selected 1 weather stations in Jordan. A considerably more comprehensive evaluation of the global warming has been provided separately.

Long-term development of temperatures in Jordan

More detailed information on global warming with a view by continent can also be found on our topic page on climate change. Data basis: German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements.