Transport and infrastructure in Iraq

Our listing of the primary kinds of transport compares the infrastructure of Iraq with the average of all countries in Asia. The traffic routes have noticeable defects in many places and are often not in a particularly good condition.

In terms of the length of its rail network, Iraq ranks 102nd in the world with 0.06 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 2,272 kilometers long.

The waterways listed refer to inland traffic on rivers and canals. The number of ports includes those located on the total 58 km of coastline. In 2019, about 932,728.60 freight containers were transported.

Airports in Iraq

Back to overview: Iraq

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 59,623 km. For each of the country's 41.18 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 1.45 meters. This puts Iraq in 186th place in the global ranking. However, the country's size and population density of around 95 inhabitants per km² must also be taken into account. Countries with fewer inhabitants on the same or even larger area naturally achieve quite different values here and have to connect remote areas to the transport network despite a smaller population.

With an average of 7965 traffic fatalities per year (2012 - 2019), road traffic in Iraq is considered rather mixed. This corresponds to around 4.3 accident fatalities per 21.6 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 12.2 in the USA and 17.1 worldwide.

In Iraq, traffic drives on the right-hand side of the road, i.e. people drive in the right-hand lane and overtake on the left. Oncoming traffic comes toward you on the left side. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.



 totalper 1 mio
per km²
Roadways59,600 km1,447.89 km137.05 m
Railroads2,300 km55.17 km5.22 m
Waterways5,279 km128.20 km12.13 m
Commercial harbors681.650.000


 total per 1 mio
per km²
Roadways14,699,500 km3,162.10 km459.66 m
Railroads280,000 km60.24 km8.76 m
Waterways260,300 km55.99 km8.14 m
Commercial harbors46,0549.910.001

Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
Iraq: AirportsThe 5 airports in IraqThe 5 biggest airports in Iraq with further information on airlines and destinations
Iraq: ClimateClimate details in IraqA climate analysis for Iraq incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, Rainfalls
Ranking: MegacitiesMega cities - the biggest cities all over the worldRanking of the biggest cities worldwide. On top: Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing