Transport and infrastructure in Georgia

Our listing of the primary types of transport compares the infrastructure of Georgia with the average of all countries in Asia. Overall, the main traffic and transport routes are well developed and in comparatively good condition.

In terms of the length of its rail network, Georgia ranks 44th in the world with 0.37 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 1,363 kilometers long. Freight traffic on the rails most recently totaled 3.32 billion tons and kilometers traveled. Passenger traffic reached 273.27 million passenger-kilometers in 2021.

Airports in Georgia

Back to overview: Georgia

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 20,295 km. For each of the country's 3.71 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 5.47 meters. This puts Georgia in 102nd place in the global ranking. However, it is also important to note that the country's population density is very low at around 53 inhabitants per km². In this case, disproportionately long distances generally have to be covered to reach the more remote parts of the country.

With an average of 509 traffic fatalities per year (2013 - 2019), road traffic in Georgia is considered reasonably safe. This corresponds to 13.7 accident fatalities per 100,000 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 12.3 in the USA and 17.0 worldwide.

In Georgia, traffic drives on the right-hand side of the road, i.e. people drive in the right-hand lane and overtake on the left. Oncoming traffic comes toward you on the left side. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.



 totalper 1 mio
per km²
Roadways20,300 km5,472.40 km291.18 m
Railroads1,400 km367.52 km19.56 m
Waterways0 km0.00 km0.00 m
Commercial harbors256.740.000


 total per 1 mio
per km²
Roadways16,613,000 km3,524.24 km519.50 m
Railroads280,000 km59.41 km8.76 m
Waterways260,300 km55.21 km8.14 m
Commercial harbors45,9989.760.001

Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
Georgia: AirportsLargest airports and airlines in GeorgiaThe 4 biggest airports and 3 airlines in Georgia with further information and data with further information on airlines and destinations
Georgia: ClimateClimate details in GeorgiaA climate analysis for Georgia incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, water temperature, rainfalls
Ranking: MegacitiesMega cities - the biggest cities all over the worldRanking of the biggest cities worldwide. On top: Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing