Transport and infrastructure in Burma

Our listing of the primary kinds of transport compares the infrastructure of Burma with the average of all countries in Asia. The traffic routes have noticeable defects in many places and are often not in a particularly good condition.

In terms of the length of its rail network, Burma ranks 81st in the world with 0.09 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 5,031 kilometers long.

The waterways listed refer to inland traffic on rivers and canals. The number of ports includes those located on the total 1,930 km of coastline. In 2020, about 1.02 million freight containers were transported.

Airports in Burma

Back to overview: Burma

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 157,000 km. For each of the country's 54.81 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 2.86 meters. This puts Burma in 149th place in the global ranking. However, the country's size and population density of around 81 inhabitants per km² must also be taken into account. Countries with fewer inhabitants on the same or even larger area naturally achieve quite different values here and have to connect remote areas to the transport network despite a smaller population.

With an average of 10553 traffic fatalities per year (2012 - 2019), road traffic in Burma is considered rather mixed. This corresponds to around 4.3 accident fatalities per 19.9 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 12.2 in the USA and 17.1 worldwide.

In Burma, traffic drives on the right-hand side of the road, i.e. people drive in the right-hand lane and overtake on the left. Oncoming traffic comes toward you on the left side. This regulation was enforced in January 1st, 1970. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.



 totalper 1 mio
per km²
Roadways157,000 km2,864.65 km232.05 m
Railroads5,000 km91.80 km7.44 m
Waterways12,800 km233.55 km18.92 m
Commercial harbors951.730.000


 total per 1 mio
per km²
Roadways14,699,500 km3,162.10 km459.66 m
Railroads280,000 km60.24 km8.76 m
Waterways260,300 km55.99 km8.14 m
Commercial harbors46,0549.910.001

Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
Burma: AirportsLargest airports and airlines in BurmaThe 24 biggest airports and 8 airlines in Burma with further information and data
Burma: ClimateClimate details in BurmaA climate analysis for Burma incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, Water temperature, Rainfalls
Ranking: MegacitiesMega cities - the biggest cities all over the worldRanking of the biggest cities worldwide. On top: Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing