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Natural gas and oil in Armenia

Energy consumption in Armenia

The most important figure in the energy balance of Armenia is the total consumption of
5.29 billion kWh
of electric energy per year. Per capita this is an average of 1,896 kWh.

Armenia could be self-sufficient with domestically produced energy. The total production of all electric energy producing facilities is seven bn kWh, which is 131 percent of the country's own usage. Despite this, Armenia trades energy with foreign countries. Along with pure consumption, the production, imports and exports play an important role. Other energy sources, such as natural gas or crude oil are also used.

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Energy Balance

ElectricitytotalArmenia
per capita
USA
per capita
Own consumption5.29 bn kWh1,895.75 kWh11,756.77 kWh
Production6.95 bn kWh2,490.53 kWh12,338.29 kWh
Import275.00 m kWh98.53 kWh219.11 kWh
Export1.42 bn kWh510.22 kWh29.21 kWh

100.0% of the country's population (as of 2020) has access to electricity.

CO₂ emissions

CO₂ emissions
in 2019
Armenia
per capita
USA
per capita
total6.17 m t2.19 t14.67 t


Development of CO₂ emissions from 1990 to 2019 in million tons
See also: CO₂ equivalents by country

CO₂ emissions Armenia


Production capacities per energy source

The given production capacities for electric energy have a theoretical value, which can only be obtained under ideal conditions. They are measuring the generatable amount of energy, that would be reached under permanent and full use of all capacities of all power plants.

In practice this isn't possible, because e.g. solar collectors are less efficient under clouds. Also wind- and water-power plants are not always operating under full load. All these values are only useful in relation to other energy sources or countries.

Energy sourcetotal
in Armenia
Percentage
in Armenia
Percentage
USA
per capita
in Armenia
per capita
USA
Fossil fuels20.73 bn kWh58,0 %70,0 %7,427.39 kWh20,083.19 kWh
Nuclear power3.22 bn kWh9,0 %9,0 %1,152.53 kWh2,582.12 kWh
Water power11.44 bn kWh32,0 %7,0 %4,097.87 kWh2,008.32 kWh
Renewable energy0.00 kWh0,0 %14,0 %0.00 kWh4,016.64 kWh
Other energy sources357.41 m kWh1,0 %0,0 %128.06 kWh0.00 kWh
Total production capacity35.74 bn kWh100,0 %100,0 %12,805.85 kWh28,690.27 kWh
Actual total production6.95 bn kWh19.4 %43.0 %2,490.53 kWh12,338.29 kWh

Usage of renewable energies

Renewable energy includes wind, solar, biomass and geothermal energy sources. This means all energy sources that renew themselves within a short time or are permanently available. Energy from hydropower is only partly a renewable energy. This is certainly the case with river or tidal power plants. Otherwise, numerous dams or reservoirs also produce mixed forms, e.g. by pumping water into their reservoirs at night and recovering energy from them during the day when there is an increased demand for electricity. Since it is not possible to clearly determine the amount of generated energy, all energy from hydropower is displayed separately.

In 2019, renewable energy accounted for around 10.3 percent of actual total consumption in Armenia. The following chart shows the percentage share from 1990 to 2019:

Renewable energy Armenia
Methane and CO₂ emissions worldwideGreenhouse gases emissions by countryMethane and CO₂ are the main greenhouse gases. This list names the biggest polluters by country.
Climate changes by continentsGlobal warming by continentsAvg. temperatures from 1950 to 2023. Increased in Europe and North America - Antarctic colder again.
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