Energy consumption in Peru

The most important measure in the energy balance of Peru is the total consumption of
40.93 billion kWh
of electric energy per year. Per capita this is an average of 1,272 kWh.


Peru can provide itself completely with self-produced energy. The total production of all electric energy producing facilities is 46 bn kWh, also 113% of own requirements. The rest of the self-produced energy is either exported into other countries or unused. Along with pure consumptions the production, imports and exports play an important role. Other energy sources such as natural gas or crude oil are also used.

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Energy Balance

ElectricitytotalPeru
per capita
Compared to Europe
per capita
Own consumption40.93 bn kWh1,272.48 kWh5,402.93 kWh
Production46.31 bn kWh1,439.74 kWh5,821.08 kWh
Export55.00 m kWh1.71 kWh718.00 kWh
Crude OilBarrel
Peru
per capita

Compared to Europe
per capita
Production40,270.00 bbl0.001 bbl0.005 bbl
Import83,660.00 bbl0.003 bbl0.019 bbl
Export15,560.00 bbl0.000 bbl0.004 bbl
Natural GasCubic meters
Peru
per capita

Compared to Europe
per capita
Own consumption10.88 bn m³338.25 m³1,162.59 m³
Production12.62 bn m³392.35 m³445.10 m³
Export4.83 bn m³150.16 m³387.80 m³



Carbon footprint

totalPeru
per capita
Compared to Europe
per capita
CO2 emissions in 201461.74 m t1.92 t5.39 t


Development of CO2 emissions from 1980 to 2014 in million tons





Production capacities per energy source

The given production capacities for electric energy have a theoretical value, which could only be obtainable under ideal conditions. They are measuring the generatable amount of energy, that would be reached under permanent and full use of all capacities of all power plants. In practice this isn't possible, because e.g. solar collectors are less efficient unter clouds. Also wind- and water-power plants are not always operating under full load. All these values are only useful in relation to other energy sources or countries.

Energy sourcetotal
in Peru
percentage
in Peru
percentage
in Europe
per capita
in Peru
per capita
in Europe
Fossil fuels67.23 bn kWh62,6 %48,9 %2,090.16 kWh7,981.10 kWh
Nuclear power0.00 kWh0,0 %7,2 %0.00 kWh1,183.83 kWh
Water power36.41 bn kWh33,9 %23,4 %1,131.89 kWh3,823.32 kWh
Renewable energy4.62 bn kWh4,3 %16,2 %143.57 kWh2,650.77 kWh
Total production capacity107.40 bn kWh100,0 %100,0 %3,338.91 kWh16,333.99 kWh


Usage of renewable energies

Renewable energies include wind, solar, biomass and geothermal energy sources. This means all energy sources that renew themselves within a short time or are permanently available. Energy from hydropower is only partly a renewable energy. This is certainly the case with river or tidal power plants. Otherwise, numerous dams or reservoirs also produce mixed forms, e.g. by pumping water into their reservoirs at night and recovering energy from them during the day when there is an increased demand for electricity. Since it is not possible to clearly determine the amount of generated energy, all energies from hydropower are displayed separately.

In 2015, renewable energies accounted for around 25.5 percent of actual total consumption .inCountry().. The following chart shows the percentage share from 1990 to 2015: