Public health and Covid-19 in Nicaragua

Healthcare in Nicaragua

Healthcare in Nicaragua is slightly below average in a worldwide comparison.

Probably the most important indicator that can be used to summarize the efficiency of all measures is general life expectancy. In other words, the theoretical age that a newborn child could potentially reach today. At the moment, this age in Nicaragua is 68.6 years for men and 75.0 years for women. For comparison: worldwide life expectancy is about 0.5 years lower (men: 69.8 / women: 74.9 years).

A total of 160.76 USD per inhabitant is spent annually on health measures at state expense. This corresponds to approximately 8.4 percent of the gross domestic product. Internationally, this amount averages 1,115.01 USD (~ 9.8% of the respective GDP).

Back to overview: Nicaragua

Spread of COVID-19 in Nicaragua

Current incidence in the week ending 03/22/2023: 0.2 new infections per 100,000 population

Since the beginning of the pandemic until March 22nd, 2023, a total of 15,672 infected people and 245 deaths have been reported in Nicaragua.

The total of 15,672 infected people currently represents 0.24 percent of the total population. The number of new infections during the seven days preceding March 22nd, 2023, was 15, for a 7-day incidence of 0.2 cases per 100,000 population. Since the outbreak of the pandemic, this results in a mortality rate of about 1.6 percent in Nicaragua.

Current vaccination status

According to official WHO data, a total of 12.23 million vaccine doses have been administered as of February 10th, 2023. More recent data are not yet available to WHO. There are 6.22 million people who have received at least one vaccination (93.8 percent).

6.01 million of these are considered fully vaccinated in Nicaragua (= 90.8 percent).
This makes Nicaragua one of the best-supplied countries in the world. The vaccination rate is higher in 11 countries.

Weight and size

Body height169 cm155 cm
Weight76.4 kg67.6 kg


NicaraguaØ worldwide
Diabetes *11.40%8.81%
HIV / Aids0.01%0.03%

* The number of people suffering from diabetes refers only to inhabitants aged between 20 and 79 years.

Child vaccinations

NicaraguaØ worldwide
Hepatitis B0.09%0.08%
DTP *8.70%8.14%

* DTP is a combined basic vaccination against diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough) and tetanus, which should be given to children up to the age of 23 months.

The number of underweight newborns is 11 percent.

Medical supplies

Public health and Covid-19 in NicaraguaMedical care provided by doctors and hospitals in Nicaragua is below average compared to the world population. The country provides 0.9 hospital beds per 1,000 inhabitants. The global mean here is 2.9 beds. Within the EU, 4.6 beds are available for every 1,000 residents.

With about 6,890 physicians in Nicaragua, there are about 1.01 doctors per 1000 inhabitants. Here again the comparison: worldwide this standard is 1.50 physicians per 1,000 inhabitants and in the EU is 3.57.

Due to the low level of care, the mortality of major known diseases can only be reduced in comparatively few cases. According to current information, about 15 percent of all people who suffer from cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases or chylomicron retention disease (CRD) still die.

Drinking water supply

Explanation of the graph:
Red line: access to water supply via wells or delivered drinking water
Green bars: Permanent access to running and tested drinking water connection

Only around 56 percent of the population has access to an immediately available running water supply. At least via springs and wells within a maximum distance of 30 minutes or supplied water, 82 peprcent of the population is supplied with largely clean drinking water. In a global comparison, only about 74 percent of the population has direct access to tested and always available drinking water. Within the European Union, this share is 98 percent. Only in a few countries does the proportion fall below 10 percent.


The above data correspond to the information from the World Health Organization, Global Health Workforce Statistics, UNICEF, State of the World's Children, Childinfo, Global Health Observatory Data Repository and OECD. The case numbers for the spread of the COVID-19 come from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC).

Comparison: average ageAverage age by countryRising average age worldwide: since 1950 alone, more than 4 years. A list by country.
Comparison: Life expectancyAverage life expectancy by countryInternational ranking of life expectancy in 124 countries including summary by continents. Explanation of significant factors.
Comparison: quality of lifeQuality of life in country comparisonCompare the quality of life around the globe: In which countries is life pleasant, safe and healthy?