The climate in Martinique

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

All climate diagrams on this page come from the collected data of 2 weather stations.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.

Back to overview: Martinique

Climate zone: tropics

High humidity and hot temperatures make the weather in Martinique pleasant at times but also tropical humid. It is warm to hot all year round, inviting bathing at average water temperatures of 28 degrees. Due to less rain, the best time for traveling is in March. Most precipitation falls in July.
Duration of daylight and sunshine in Martinique
Compare climate with other regions or countries
Hours of sunshine per daySunshine hours per day in Martinique
Rain days per monthRain days per month in Martinique
Precipitation in mm/dayPrecipitation in Martinique
Water temperatureWater temperatures in Martinique
Relative humidity in %Relative humidity in Martinique
Absolute humidity in g/m³Absolute humidity in Martinique

Temperature records of the last 48 years

The hottest temperature measured from 1975 to January 2023 was reported by the Le Lamentin weather station. In October 2012, the record temperature of 35.4 °C was reported here. The hottest summer from July to September was recorded in 2020 with an average temperature of 28.3 °C. This average temperature will normally be measured every four to six hours, thus also including the nights. Normally, this value is 27.6 degrees Celsius. The average maximum daily temperature at that time was 32.4 °C.

The coldest day in these 48 years was reported by the Le Lamentin weather station. Here the temperature dropped to 16.5 °C in February 2005. Le Lamentin lies at an altitude of eight meters above sea level. The coldest winter (January to March) was in 1975 with an average temperature of 23.3 °C. In Martinique, it is usual to have about 2.0 degrees more at 25.3 °C for this three-month period.

The most precipitation fell in August 1995. With 25.5 mm per day, the Le Lamentin weather station recorded the highest monthly average of the last 48 years.

Long-term development of temperatures from 1991 - 2022

In contrast to single record values, long-term development cannot simply be brought about by all weather stations in the country. Both the number and the locations are constantly changing. An average value would give a distorted result. If several measuring stations in particularly cold mountain or coastal regions are added in one year, the average would decrease as a result of this alone. If a station fails during the summer or winter months, it does not provide any values and distorts the average again. The subsequent long-term development was therefore reduced to only 1 measuring points in order to have comparable data over as long a period as possible.

In the years 1991 to 2022, there were only these 1 weather stations in the whole country, which reported continuous temperature values (Le Lamentin). From these weather reports, we have created a long-term development that shows the monthly average temperatures. The hottest month in this entire period was August 2020 at 28.6 °C. December 1991 was the coldest month with an average temperature of 24.0 °C.

The average annual temperature was about 26.2 °C in the years after 1991 and about 26.8 °C in the last years before 2022. It has therefore increased only slightly by about 0.6 °C over the past 32 years. This trend only applies to the selected 1 weather stations in Martinique. A considerably more comprehensive evaluation of global warming has been provided separately.

Long-term development of temperatures in Martinique

Data basis: German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements.
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