Tsunamis in Ecuador

In a total of 39 tidal waves classified as a tsunami since 1906 a total of 864 people died in Ecuador. Tsunamis therefore occur comparatively often in this country.

The strongest tidal wave registered in Ecuador so far reached a height of 52 meters. At this Tsunami on 02/27/2010 a total of 4 people have been killed.

The biggest impact in terms of lifes, injuries, destroyed homes and economy had been a tsunami on 09/08/2017. A tidal wave of up to 42 meters killed 6 humans and destroyed vast areas.

Other natural hazards in Ecuador:
Volcanos
Earthquake
The most severe natural disasters worldwide


Back to overview: Ecuador

The marked positions on the map represent the most effected regions within the past 120 years.

Tsunamis are caused by earthquakes or other seismic eruptions on ground of an oceans and can cause massive tidal waves, which run with enormous force on land, causing great devastation. Especially in regions with only few tsunamis, the damage is often drastic, as the population does not expect tsunamis and thus hardly takes any protective measures. Even relatively small flood waves can lead to high losses and financial damage.

The largest tsunamis in Ecuador since 1952

DateCausemax wave heightDeathsTotal damage
09/08/2017Earthquake in Mexico (S. Mexico) with a magnitude of 8.2. The tsunami caused damages in 14 further countries.42m6
04/16/2016Earthquake in Ecuador (Off Coast) with a magnitude of 7.8.3m9
09/16/2015Earthquake in Chile (Central Chile) with a magnitude of 8.3. The tsunami caused damages in 23 further countries. A total of 8 humans died.48m6
04/01/2014Earthquake in Chile (Northern Chile) with a magnitude of 8.2. The tsunami caused damages in 17 further countries.49m4
02/06/2013Earthquake on the Solomon Islands (Santa Cruz Islands) with a magnitude of 7.9. The tsunami caused damages in 23 further countries. A total of 10 humans died.49m4
11/07/2012Earthquake in Guatemala (Guatemala) with a magnitude of 7.3. The tsunami also reached Mexico, United States, El Salvador.22m2
09/05/2012Earthquake in Costa Rica (Costa Rica) with a magnitude of 7.6.46m4
08/27/2012Earthquake in El Salvador (El Salvador-Nicaragua) with a magnitude of 7.3. The tsunami also reached El Salvador, Nicaragua, Mexico, Chile, New Zealand.24m6
07/06/2011Earthquake in New Zealand (Kermadec Islands) with a magnitude of 7.6. The tsunami caused damages in 9 further countries.unknown4
03/11/2011Earthquake in Japan (Honshu Island) with a magnitude of 9.1. The tsunami caused damages in 33 further countries. A total of 18,453 humans died.33m738
02/27/2010Earthquake in Chile (Central Chile) with a magnitude of 8.8. The tsunami caused damages in 21 further countries. A total of 156 humans died.52m4
09/29/2009Earthquake in Samoa (Samoa Islands) with a magnitude of 8.1. The tsunami caused damages in 22 further countries. A total of 192 humans died.unknown2
03/19/2009Earthquake in Tonga (Tonga) with a magnitude of 7.6. The tsunami caused damages in 10 further countries.14m6
08/15/2007Earthquake in Peru (S. Peru) with a magnitude of 8.0. The tsunami caused damages in 13 further countries. A total of 3 humans died.17m2
11/15/2006Earthquake in Russia (S. Kuril Islands) with a magnitude of 8.3. The tsunami caused damages in 23 further countries.unknown4
12/26/2004Earthquake in Indonesia (Off W. Coast Of Sumatra) with a magnitude of 9.1. The tsunami caused damages in 47 further countries. A total of 227,899 humans died.26m2
06/23/2001Earthquake in Peru (S. Peru) with a magnitude of 8.4. The tsunami caused damages in 16 further countries. A total of 26 humans died.32m4
06/10/1996Earthquake in the United States (Andreanof Islands, Ak) with a magnitude of 7.9. The tsunami caused damages in 6 further countries.unknown2
02/25/1996Earthquake in Mexico (Mexico) with a magnitude of 7.1.unknown2
02/21/1996Earthquake in Peru (N. Peru) with a magnitude of 7.5. The tsunami also reached Peru, Chile, Mexico, United States, French Polynesia. A total of 12 humans died.unknown2
09/02/1992Earthquake in Nicaragua (Nicaragua) with a magnitude of 7.7. The tsunami caused damages in 7 further countries. A total of 170 humans died.38m4
03/03/1985Earthquake in Chile (Central Chile) with a magnitude of 8.0. The tsunami also reached Chile, Russia, Japan, United States, French Polynesia.45m2
03/28/1964Earthquake, landslide in the United States (Prince William Sound, Ak) with a magnitude of 9.2. The tsunami caused damages in 27 further countries. A total of 124 humans died.27m4
03/12/1962Earthquake in Panama (Costa Rica-Panama) with a magnitude of 6.8.22m2
05/22/1960Earthquake in Chile (Southern Chile) with a magnitude of 9.5. The tsunami caused damages in 31 further countries. A total of 2,226 humans died.40m4
01/19/1958Earthquake in Ecuador (Colombia-Ecuador) with a magnitude of 7.6.unknown2
03/09/1957Earthquake in the United States (Andreanof Islands, Ak) with a magnitude of 8.6. The tsunami caused damages in 18 further countries.30m2
12/12/1953Earthquake in Peru (N. Peru) with a magnitude of 7.4.37m2
11/04/1952Earthquake in Russia (Kamchatka) with a magnitude of 9.0. The tsunami caused damages in 21 further countries. A total of 10,000 humans died.46m2
03/04/1952Earthquake in Japan (Se. Hokkaido Island) with a magnitude of 8.1. The tsunami caused damages in 10 further countries. A total of 33 humans died.unknown2


These statistics are based on datas from the National Geophysical Data Center / World Data Service (NGDC/WDS): Global Historical Tsunami Database. doi:10.7289/V5TD9V7K. Several data have been summarized and translated.