Symbol image: cell tower

Telecommunication in Cuba

Compared to the United States, Cuba is massively lagging behind in the development of telecommunications. Under the country code +53, there were a total of 8.64 million connections in 2021. Among them were 7.10 million mobile phones, which corresponds to an average of 0.63 per person. In the US, this figure is 1.1 mobile phones per person.

With about 3,244 webhosts, Cuba is below the world's average by population. At the end of 2020, 775 of these, or about 24 percent, were secured with SSL or comparable encryption.

Back to overview: Cuba

Development of telephone and internet connections

With an average download speed of 1.9 Mbit/second for fixed-network broadband internet, Cuba ranks 180th in an international comparison. The upload rate of only 0.90 Mbit/second was significantly lower (179th place).
In mobile internet, i.e., on tablets and smartphones, Cuba comes 136th with a download speed of 5.0 Mbit/second. The upload speed of around 4 Mbit was enough for 135th place.

The Speedtest Global Index published regularly by Ookla is based on several million individual measurements in February 2023 from 180 countries.

The following diagrams show the development of the various telephone and internet connections as a percentage of the country's population. Values above 100 percent mean that, on average, every inhabitant has more than one connection.

Access to the internet in Cuba from 1990 - 2021

Broadband internet in Cuba 2007 - 2021

Symbol image: cell towerCuba is lagging behind in the expansion of broadband internet connections. Around 71 percent of all residents have access to the internet. Around 3 percent have their own fast internet connection, which is at least faster than the former ISDN (more than 256 kbit/s). All fixed connections via DSL, cable or satellite were counted here, but not those connected to the internet via mobile communications.

Landlines 1990 - 2021

Mobile phones 1990 - 2021

All international calling codes

Distribution in 2021Cuba
Internet users8.01 m71.12 %304.52 m91.75 %
Broadband users297,321.002.64 %125.89 m37.93 %
Landlines1.54 m13.67 %97.82 m29.47 %
Mobile cellulars7.10 m63.10 %361.66 m108.97 %

Comparison: Cuba / United StatesCountry comparison: Cuba / United States of AmericaThe United States of America and Cuba compared: demography, Economy, energy, languages and further dimensions.
United States of America: TelecommunicationTelecommunication in the United States of AmericaComparison of technological development and communication in the United States of America with the countries of the European Union
Germany: CorruptionExtent of public corruption in GermanySituation and development of corruption in Germany in a worldwide comparison