Public health and Covid-19 in Cuba

Healthcare in Cuba

Healthcare in Cuba is slightly above average in a global comparison.

Probably the most important indicator that can be used to summarize the efficiency of all measures is general life expectancy. In other words, the theoretical age that a newborn child could potentially reach today. At the moment, this age in Cuba is 71.2 years for men and 76.4 years for women. For comparison: worldwide life expectancy is about 2.4 years lower (men: 68.9 / women: 73.9 years).

A total of 1,186.16 USD per inhabitant is spent annually on health measures at state expense. This corresponds to approximately 12.5 percent of the gross domestic product. Internationally, this amount averages 1,177.15 USD (~ 10.9% of the respective GDP).

Back to overview: Cuba

Spread of COVID-19 in Cuba

Current incidence in the week ending 06/08/2023: 2.2 new infections per 100,000 population

Since the beginning of the pandemic until June 8th, 2023, a total of 1,114,309 infected people and 8,530 deaths have been reported in Cuba.

The total of 1,114,309 infected people currently represents 9.8 percent of the total population. The number of new infections during the seven days preceding June 8th, 2023, was 246, for a 7-day incidence of 2.2 cases per 100,000 population. Since the outbreak of the pandemic, this results in a mortality rate of about 0.8 percent in Cuba.

Current vaccination status

According to official WHO data, a total of 38.11 million vaccine doses have been administered as of June 2nd, 2023. There are 10.75 million people who have received at least one vaccination (94.9 percent). The booster vaccination was received by 8.74 million people (77.2 percent).

10.02 million of these are considered fully vaccinated in Cuba (= 88.4 percent).
This makes Cuba one of the best-supplied countries in the world. The vaccination rate is higher in 13 countries.

Weight and size

Body height173 cm160 cm
Weight76.0 kg66.8 kg


CubaØ worldwide
Diabetes *9.60%8.81%
HIV / Aids0.04%0.03%

* The number of people suffering from diabetes refers only to inhabitants aged between 20 and 79 years.

Child vaccinations

CubaØ worldwide
Hepatitis B0.10%0.08%
DTP *9.90%8.14%

* DTP is a combined basic vaccination against diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough) and tetanus, which should be given to children up to the age of 23 months.

In Cuba, 17.9 percent of all over 15-year-olds are still smokers.

Medical supplies

Public health and Covid-19 in CubaThe medical care provided by doctors and hospitals in Cuba is above average and also exceeds the average achieved in the EU countries. The country provides 5.3 hospital beds per 1,000 inhabitants. The global mean here is 2.9 beds. Within the EU, 4.6 beds are available for every 1,000 residents.

With about 92,200 physicians in Cuba, there are about 8.19 doctors per 1000 inhabitants. Here again the comparison: worldwide this standard is 1.50 physicians per 1,000 inhabitants and in the EU is 3.57.

Due to the low level of care, the mortality of major known diseases can only be reduced in comparatively few cases. According to current information, about 17 percent of all people who suffer from cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases or chylomicron retention disease (CRD) still die.


The above data correspond to the information from the World Health Organization, Global Health Workforce Statistics, UNICEF, State of the World's Children, Childinfo, Global Health Observatory Data Repository and OECD. The case numbers for the spread of the COVID-19 come from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC).

Comparison: average ageAverage age by countryRising average age worldwide: since 1950 alone, more than 4 years. A list by country.
Comparison: Life expectancyAverage life expectancy by countryInternational ranking of life expectancy in 119 countries including summary by continents. Explanation of significant factors.
Comparison: quality of lifeQuality of life 2023 in country comparisonCompare the quality of life around the globe: In which countries is life pleasant, safe and healthy?