Public health and Covid-19 in Costa Rica

Healthcare in Costa Rica

Healthcare in Costa Rica is rather above average in a worldwide comparison.

Probably the most important indicator that can be used to summarize the efficiency of all measures is general life expectancy. In other words, the theoretical age that a newborn child could potentially reach today. At the moment, this age in Costa Rica is 74.4 years for men and 79.8 years for women. For comparison: worldwide life expectancy is about 5.7 years lower (men: 68.9 / women: 73.9 years).

A total of 953.08 USD per inhabitant is spent annually on health measures at state expense. This corresponds to approximately 7.9 percent of the gross domestic product. Internationally, this amount averages 1,177.15 USD (~ 10.9% of the respective GDP).

Back to overview: Costa Rica

Spread of COVID-19 in Costa Rica

Current incidence in the week ending 06/04/2023: 19.4 new infections per 100,000 population

Since the beginning of the pandemic until June 4th, 2023, a total of 1,232,576 infected people and 9,374 deaths have been reported in Costa Rica.

The total of 1,232,576 infected people currently represents 24.20 percent of the total population. The number of new infections during the seven days preceding June 4th, 2023, was 987, for a 7-day incidence of 19.4 cases per 100,000 population. In the same week, one people died from (or with) COVID-19. Since the outbreak of the pandemic, this results in a mortality rate of about 0.8 percent in Costa Rica.

Current vaccination status

According to official WHO data, a total of 13.15 million vaccine doses have been administered as of May 5th, 2023. More recent data are not yet available to WHO. There are 4.63 million people who have received at least one vaccination (91.0 percent). The booster vaccination was received by 2.93 million people (57.5 percent).

4.35 million of these are considered fully vaccinated in Costa Rica (= 85.4 percent).
This makes Costa Rica one of the best-supplied countries in the world. The vaccination rate is higher in 25 countries.

Weight and size

Body height174 cm160 cm
Weight80.9 kg71.7 kg


Costa RicaØ worldwide
Diabetes *9.10%8.81%
HIV / Aids0.04%0.03%

* The number of people suffering from diabetes refers only to inhabitants aged between 20 and 79 years.

Child vaccinations

Costa RicaØ worldwide
Hepatitis B0.09%0.08%
DTP *9.90%8.14%

* DTP is a combined basic vaccination against diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough) and tetanus, which should be given to children up to the age of 23 months.

In Costa Rica, 8.8 percent of all over 15-year-olds are still smokers.

Medical supplies

Public health and Covid-19 in Costa RicaMedical care provided by doctors and hospitals in Costa Rica is below average compared to the world population. The country provides 1.1 hospital beds per 1,000 inhabitants. The global mean here is 2.9 beds. Within the EU, 4.6 beds are available for every 1,000 residents.

With about 5,930 physicians in Costa Rica, there are about 1.15 doctors per 1000 inhabitants. Here again the comparison: worldwide this standard is 1.50 physicians per 1,000 inhabitants and in the EU is 3.57.

Through medical care, the mortality of major known diseases can be reduced to an above-average extent. For example, only about 10 percent of all people who suffer from cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases or chylomicron retention disease (CRD) currently die.

Drinking water supply

Explanation of the graph:
Red line: access to water supply via wells or delivered drinking water
Green bars: Permanent access to running and tested drinking water connection

About 81 percent of the population has access to an immediately available, running drinking water supply. At least via springs and wells within a maximum distance of 30 minutes or supplied water, 100 peprcent of the population is supplied with largely clean drinking water. The population is thus better served than average. In a global comparison, only about 74 percent of the population has direct access to tested and always available drinking water. Within the European Union, this share is 98 percent. Only in a few countries does the proportion fall below 10 percent.


The above data correspond to the information from the World Health Organization, Global Health Workforce Statistics, UNICEF, State of the World's Children, Childinfo, Global Health Observatory Data Repository and OECD. The case numbers for the spread of the COVID-19 come from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC).

Comparison: average ageAverage age by countryRising average age worldwide: since 1950 alone, more than 4 years. A list by country.
Comparison: Life expectancyAverage life expectancy by countryInternational ranking of life expectancy in 119 countries including summary by continents. Explanation of significant factors.
Comparison: quality of lifeQuality of life 2023 in country comparisonCompare the quality of life around the globe: In which countries is life pleasant, safe and healthy?