Tsunamis in Colombia
In a total of 7 tidal waves classified as a tsunami since 1906 a total of 68 people died in Colombia. Compared to other countries, Tsunamis therefore occur rather rarely.
The strongest tidal wave registered in Colombia so far reached a height of 50 meters. At this Tsunami on 07/19/2017 a total of 9 people have been killed.
The biggest impact in terms of lifes, injuries, destroyed homes and economy had been a tsunami on 01/31/1906. A tidal wave of up to 17 meters killed 33 humans and destroyed vast areas. Other natural hazards in Colombia:
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The marked positions on the map represent the most effected regions within the past 120 years.
Tsunamis are caused by earthquakes or other seismic eruptions on ground of an oceans and can cause massive tidal waves, which run with enormous force on land, causing great devastation. Especially in regions with only few tsunamis, the damage is often drastic, as the population does not expect tsunamis and thus hardly takes any protective measures. Even relatively small flood waves can lead to high losses and financial damage.
The largest tsunamis in Colombia since 1906
|Date||Cause||max wave height||Deaths||Total damage|
|07/19/2017||Landslide in Colombia (Off The Coast Near Santa Marta)||50m||9|
|12/12/1979||Earthquake in Colombia (Colombia: Off Shore, Pacific Ocean) with a magnitude of 7.7. The tsunami caused damages in 6 further countries. A total of 600 humans died.||39m||13|
|03/28/1964||Earthquake, landslide in the United States (Prince William Sound, Ak) with a magnitude of 9.2. The tsunami caused damages in 27 further countries. A total of 124 humans died.||45m||6|
|05/22/1960||Earthquake in Chile (Southern Chile) with a magnitude of 9.5. The tsunami caused damages in 31 further countries. A total of 2,226 humans died.||unknown||4|
|01/19/1958||Earthquake in Ecuador (Colombia-Ecuador) with a magnitude of 7.6.||unknown||1|
|04/01/1946||Earthquake, landslide in the United States (Unimak Island, Ak) with a magnitude of 8.6. The tsunami caused damages in 11 further countries. A total of 167 humans died.||unknown||2|
|01/31/1906||Earthquake in Ecuador (Off Coast) with a magnitude of 8.8. The tsunami caused damages in 7 further countries. A total of 1,000 humans died.||17m||33|
These statistics are based on datas from the National Geophysical Data Center / World Data Service (NGDC/WDS): Global Historical Tsunami Database. doi:10.7289/V5TD9V7K
. Several data have been summarized and translated.
All information without guarantee.