Public Holidays

Public holidays in Canada 2020-2024

At first glance, the list of public holidays in Canada looks quite extensive. Due to the enormous size of the country and the regional and political peculiarities associated with it, there are numerous holidays that only apply regionally. In order to unify the chaos, holidays of different regions were put on a uniform calendar day at least. For example, Victoria Day (on the Monday before 25 May) is named differently in the individual federal states. So in the end something different is celebrated, but on the same day.

By the way, Whitsun is hardly known in Canada. It is only celebrated in individual Christian communities.

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Non-movable holidays

Non-statutory holidays are written in gray.

holidayLocal namedate
New Year's DayNew Year’s DayJan, 1st
EpiphanyHoly Three KingsJan, 6th
Groundhog DayGroundhog DayFeb, 2nd
Family's DayFamily DayFeb, 16th
Memorial Day of Bishop PatrickSt. Patrick's DayMar, 17th
Indigenous DayNational Aboriginal DayJun, 21st
Discovery of Newfoundland and Labrador (regional only)Discovery DayJun, 22nd
Saint-Jean-Baptiste (nur Quebec)St. Jean Baptiste DayJun, 24th
National holidayCanada DayJul, 1st
Nunavut Regional HolidayNunavut DayJul, 9th
Newfoundland and LabradorOrangemen's DayJul, 31st
Memorial Day of the Victims of the WarRemembrance DayNov, 11th
Christmas EveChristmas EveDec, 24th
Christmas DayChristmas DayDec, 25th
Boxing DayBoxing DayDec, 26th
New Year's EveNew Year's EveDec, 31st

Moving Holidays in Canada

holidayLocal name20202021202220232024
Commemoration Day Louis Riel (only in Manitoba)Louis Riel DayFeb, 17thFeb, 15thFeb, 21stFeb, 20thFeb, 19th
Islanders' Day (Prince Edward only)Islander DayFeb, 17thFeb, 15thFeb, 21stFeb, 20thFeb, 19th
Ash WednesdayAsh WednesdayFeb, 26thFeb, 17thMar, 2ndFeb, 22ndFeb, 14th
Good FridayGood FridayApr, 10thApr, 2ndApr, 15thApr, 7thMar, 29th
Easter SundayEaster SundayApr, 12thApr, 4thApr, 17thApr, 9thMar, 31st
Easter MondayEaster MondayApr, 13thApr, 5thApr, 18thApr, 10thApr, 1st
Mother's DayMother's DayMay, 10thMay, 9thMay, 8thMay, 14thMay, 12th
Birthday of the MonarchVictoria DayMay, 18thMay, 24thMay, 23rdMay, 22ndMay, 20th
Patriot Day (Quebec only)National Patriots' DayMay, 18thMay, 24thMay, 23rdMay, 22ndMay, 20th
Ascension of ChristAscension DayMay, 21stMay, 13thMay, 26thMay, 18thMay, 9th
Whit SundayWhit SundayMay, 31stMay, 23rdJun, 5thMay, 28thMay, 19th
Whit MondayWhit MondayJun, 1stMay, 24thJun, 6thMay, 29thMay, 20th
Father's DayFather's DayJun, 21stJun, 20thJun, 19thJun, 18thJun, 16th
August holidayCivic HolidayAug, 3rdAug, 2ndAug, 1stAug, 7thAug, 5th
Discovery of Yukon (Yukon only)Discovery DayAug, 3rdAug, 2ndAug, 1stAug, 7thAug, 5th
Labor DayLabour DaySep, 7thSep, 6thSep, 5thSep, 4thSep, 2nd
ThanksgivingThanksgivingNov, 26thNov, 25thNov, 24thNov, 23rdNov, 28th

Victoria Day

Canada was a British colony and still belongs to the Commonwealth of Nations. The Monday before 25 May is considered a public and non-working holiday throughout Canada in honour of Queen Victoria (24 May 1819). By the way, Canada is the only country that does not celebrate the birthday of the current Queen, but of the kings who also proclaimed the British Empire.

However, Victoria Day is not celebrated throughout the country on this Monday, but an equally regional day, which varies from region to region. While the British Queen is honoured in Ontario, the neighbouring state of Quebec celebrates National Patriots Day. Thus, the whole of Canada has a public holiday on this day, while at the same time one is careful to limit the number of different days.

The occasion may vary regionally, but the celebrations are less so. Throughout the country, parades, concerts and horse shows are held on Victoria Day. Families gather for a picnic in the park in view of the warmer season. Schools. Post offices, libraries and government offices are closed throughout the country, although many shops are still open at least by the hour. Tourists should avoid longer distances on this weekend, as the long weekend means that many Canadians are on the road, the roads are congested and the ferries are fully booked.