Public Holidays

Public holidays in Canada

At first glance, the list of public holidays in Canada looks quite extensive. Due to the enormous size of the country and the regional and political peculiarities associated with it, there are numerous holidays that only apply regionally. In order to unify the chaos, holidays of different regions were put on a uniform calendar day at least. For example, Victoria Day (on the Monday before May 25) is named differently in the individual provinces. So in the end, something different is celebrated, but on the same day.

By the way, Whitsun is hardly known in Canada. It is only celebrated in individual Christian communities.

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Non-floating holidays

Non-statutory holidays are written in gray.

DateHolidayLocal name
Jan. 1stNew Year's DayNew Year’s Day
Jan. 6thEpiphanyHoly Three Kings
Feb. 2ndGroundhog DayGroundhog Day
Feb. 16thFamily's DayFamily Day
March 17thMemorial Day of Bishop PatrickSt. Patrick's Day
June 21stIndigenous DayNational Aboriginal Day
June 22ndDiscovery of Newfoundland and Labrador (regional only)Discovery Day
June 24thSaint-Jean-Baptiste (nur Quebec)St. Jean Baptiste Day
July 1stNational holidayCanada Day
July 9thNunavut Regional HolidayNunavut Day
July 31stNewfoundland and LabradorOrangemen's Day
Nov. 11thMemorial Day of the Victims of the WarRemembrance Day
Dec. 24thChristmas EveChristmas Eve
Dec. 25thChristmas DayChristmas Day
Dec. 26thBoxing DayBoxing Day
Dec. 31stNew Year's EveNew Year's Eve

Moving Holidays in Canada

HolidayLocal name20232024202520262027
Commemoration Day Louis Riel (only in Manitoba)Louis Riel DayFeb. 20thFeb. 19thFeb. 17thFeb. 16thFeb. 15th
Islanders' Day (Prince Edward only)Islander DayFeb. 20thFeb. 19thFeb. 17thFeb. 16thFeb. 15th
Ash WednesdayAsh WednesdayFeb. 22ndFeb. 14thMarch 5thFeb. 18thFeb. 10th
Good FridayGood FridayApril 7thMarch 29thApril 18thApril 3rdMarch 26th
Easter SundayEaster SundayApril 9thMarch 31stApril 20thApril 5thMarch 28th
Easter MondayEaster MondayApril 10thApril 1stApril 21stApril 6thMarch 29th
Mother's DayMother's DayMay 14thMay 12thMay 11thMay 10thMay 9th
Ascension of ChristAscension DayMay 18thMay 9thMay 29thMay 14thMay 6th
Victoria DayVictoria DayMay 22ndMay 20thMay 19thMay 18thMay 24th
Patriot Day (Quebec only)National Patriots' DayMay 22ndMay 20thMay 19thMay 18thMay 24th
Whit SundayWhit SundayMay 28thMay 19thJune 8thMay 24thMay 16th
Whit MondayWhit MondayMay 29thMay 20thJune 9thMay 25thMay 17th
Father's DayFather's DayJune 18thJune 16thJune 15thJune 21stJune 20th
August holidayCivic HolidayAug. 7thAug. 5thAug. 4thAug. 3rdAug. 2nd
Discovery of Yukon (Yukon only)Discovery DayAug. 7thAug. 5thAug. 4thAug. 3rdAug. 2nd
Labor DayLabour DaySept. 4thSept. 2ndSept. 1stSept. 7thSept. 6th
ThanksgivingThanksgivingNov. 23rdNov. 28thNov. 27thNov. 26thNov. 25th

Victoria Day

Public Holidays Canada was a British colony and still belongs to the Commonwealth of Nations. The Monday before May 25 is considered a public and non-working holiday throughout Canada in honour of Queen Victoria (24 May 1819). This makes Canada the only country that celebrates not the birthday of the current head of state, but that of the queen who admitted her own country to the British Empire (1867).

Victoria Day is not celebrated throughout the country on this Monday, but a regional day, which varies from region to region. While the British king is honoured in Ontario, the neighbouring province of Quebec celebrates National Patriots Day. Thus, the whole of Canada has a public holiday on this day.

The occasion may vary regionally, but the celebrations vary less. Throughout the country, parades, concerts and horse shows are held on Victoria Day. Families gather for a picnic in the park in view of the warmer season. Schools, post offices, libraries and government offices are closed throughout the country, although many shops are still open. Tourists should avoid longer distances on this weekend, as the long weekend means that many Canadians are on the road, creating congestion and the ferries are fully booked.
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