Public health and Covid-19 in Zambia

Healthcare in Zambia

Healthcare in Zambia is slightly below average in a worldwide comparison.

Probably the most important indicator that can be used to summarize the efficiency of all measures is general life expectancy. In other words, the theoretical age that a newborn child could potentially reach today. At the moment, this age in Zambia is 59.6 years for men and 65.0 years for women. For comparison: worldwide life expectancy is about 10.0 years lower (men: 69.8 / women: 74.9 years).

A total of 69.32 USD per inhabitant is spent annually on health measures at state expense. This corresponds to approximately 5.3 percent of the gross domestic product. Internationally, this amount averages 1,115.01 USD (~ 9.8% of the respective GDP).

Back to overview: Zambia

Spread of COVID-19 in Zambia

Since the beginning of the pandemic until March 22nd, 2023, a total of 343,250 infected people and 4,057 deaths have been reported in Zambia.

The total of 343,250 infected people currently represents 1.9 percent of the total population.

Current vaccination status

According to official WHO data, a total of 13.61 million vaccine doses have been administered as of March 5th, 2023. More recent data are not yet available to WHO. There are 11.16 million people who have received at least one vaccination (60.7 percent). The booster vaccination was received by 1.06 million people (5.8 percent).

8.78 million of these are considered fully vaccinated in Zambia (= 47.8 percent).
Thus, Zambia belongrather to the lower midfield in terms of vaccination coverage. The vaccination rate is higher in 151 countries.

Weight and size

Body height167 cm157 cm
Weight59.7 kg58.4 kg


ZambiaØ worldwide
Diabetes *4.50%8.81%
HIV / Aids0.40%0.03%

* The number of people suffering from diabetes refers only to inhabitants aged between 20 and 79 years.

Child vaccinations

ZambiaØ worldwide
Hepatitis B0.09%0.08%
DTP *9.10%8.14%

* DTP is a combined basic vaccination against diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough) and tetanus, which should be given to children up to the age of 23 months.

In Zambia, 14.4 percent of all over 15-year-olds are still smokers.
The number of underweight newborns is 12 percent.

Medical supplies

Public health and Covid-19 in ZambiaMedical care provided by doctors and hospitals in Zambia is below average compared to the world population. The country provides 2.0 hospital beds per 1,000 inhabitants. The global mean here is 2.9 beds. Within the EU, 4.6 beds are available for every 1,000 residents.

With about 1,780 physicians in Zambia, there are about 0.09 doctors per 1000 inhabitants. Here again the comparison: worldwide this standard is 1.50 physicians per 1,000 inhabitants and in the EU is 3.57.

Through medical care, the mortality rate of major known diseases can be reduced as far as possible. For example, only about 25 percent of all people who suffer from cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases or chylomicron retention disease (CRD) currently die.


The above data correspond to the information from the World Health Organization, Global Health Workforce Statistics, UNICEF, State of the World's Children, Childinfo, Global Health Observatory Data Repository and OECD. The case numbers for the spread of the COVID-19 come from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC).

Comparison: average ageAverage age by countryRising average age worldwide: since 1950 alone, more than 4 years. A list by country.
Comparison: Life expectancyAverage life expectancy by countryInternational ranking of life expectancy in 124 countries including summary by continents. Explanation of significant factors.
Comparison: quality of lifeQuality of life in country comparisonCompare the quality of life around the globe: In which countries is life pleasant, safe and healthy?