Energy sources in Zambia

Energy consumption in Zambia

The most important figure in the energy balance of Zambia is the total consumption of
13.41 billion kWh
of electric energy per year. Per capita this is an average of 689 kWh.

Zambia could be self-sufficient with domestically produced energy. The total production of all electric energy producing facilities is 16 bn kWh, which is 119 percent of the country's own usage. Despite this, Zambia trades energy with foreign countries. Along with pure consumption, the production, imports and exports play an important role. Other energy sources, such as natural gas or crude oil are also used.

Back to overview: Zambia

Energy Balance

per capita
per capita
Own consumption13.41 bn kWh688.63 kWh11,744.38 kWh
Production16.00 bn kWh821.60 kWh12,198.66 kWh
Import198.00 m kWh10.17 kWh185.15 kWh
Export976.00 m kWh50.12 kWh42.59 kWh

44.5% of the country's population (as of 2020) has access to electricity. In rural areas, the share was 14.0%

CO₂ emissions

CO₂ emissions
in 2019
per capita
per capita
total6.80 m t0.37 t14.52 t
› of which diesel + gasoline3.61 bn t196.51 t7,179.51 t
› of which coal3.19 bn t173.34 t3,246.58 t

Development of CO₂ emissions from 1979 to 2019 in million tons
See also: CO₂ equivalents by country

CO₂ emissions Zambia

Production capacities per energy source

The given production capacities for electric energy have a theoretical value, which can only be obtained under ideal conditions. They are measuring the generatable amount of energy, that would be reached under permanent and full use of all capacities of all power plants.

In practice this isn't possible, because e.g. solar collectors are less efficient under clouds. Also wind- and water-power plants are not always operating under full load. All these values are only useful in relation to other energy sources or countries.

Energy sourcetotal
in Zambia
in Zambia
per capita
in Zambia
per capita
Fossil fuels3.49 bn kWh13,0 %59,9 %179.24 kWh2.06 kWh
Nuclear power0.00 kWh0,0 %19,5 %0.00 kWh0.67 kWh
Solar energy241.64 m kWh0,9 %3,2 %12.41 kWh0.11 kWh
Wind power0.00 kWh0,0 %8,3 %0.00 kWh0.29 kWh
Water power22.96 bn kWh85,5 %7,0 %1,178.87 kWh0.24 kWh
Tidal Power Plants0.00 kWh0,0 %0,0 %0.00 kWh0.00 kWh
Geothermics0.00 kWh0,0 %0,4 %0.00 kWh0.01 kWh
Biomass134.25 m kWh0,5 %1,7 %6.89 kWh0.06 kWh

Usage of renewable energies

Renewable energy includes wind, solar, biomass and geothermal energy sources. This means all energy sources that renew themselves within a short time or are permanently available. Energy from hydropower is only partly a renewable energy. This is certainly the case with river or tidal power plants. Otherwise, numerous dams or reservoirs also produce mixed forms, e.g. by pumping water into their reservoirs at night and recovering energy from them during the day when there is an increased demand for electricity. Since it is not possible to clearly determine the amount of generated energy, all energy from hydropower is displayed separately.

In 2019, renewable energy accounted for around 84.5 percent of actual total consumption in Zambia. The following chart shows the percentage share from 1990 to 2019:

Renewable energy Zambia
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