Transport and infrastructure in Tanzania

Our listing of the primary kinds of transport compares the infrastructure of Tanzania with the average of all countries in Africa. The traffic routes have noticeable defects in many places and are often not in a particularly good condition.

In terms of the length of its rail network, Tanzania ranks 89th in the world with 0.07 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 4,567 kilometers long.

Airports in Tanzania

Back to overview: Tanzania

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 87,581 km. For each of the country's 61.50 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 1.42 meters. This puts Tanzania in 188th place in the global ranking. However, it is also important to note the country's population density, which is very low at around 65 inhabitants per km². Like this, disproportionately long distances generally have to be covered to reach the more remote parts of the country.

With an average of 16585 traffic fatalities per year (2012 - 2019), road traffic in Tanzania is considered quite dangerous. This corresponds to around 4.3 accident fatalities per 30.7 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 12.2 in the USA and 17.1 worldwide.

In Tanzania, left-hand traffic is the rule on the roads, i.e. you drive in the left lane and overtake on the right. Oncoming traffic comes to meet you on the right side. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.



 totalper 1 mio
per km²
Roadways87,600 km1,424.12 km92.45 m
Railroads4,600 km74.26 km4.82 m
Waterways0 km0.00 km0.00 m
Commercial harbors3145.110.000


 total per 1 mio
per km²
Roadways3,002,100 km2,186.19 km99.00 m
Railroads88,600 km64.51 km2.92 m
Waterways50,100 km36.46 km1.65 m
Commercial harbors7,8295.700.000

Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
Tanzania: AirportsLargest airports and airlines in TanzaniaThe 14 biggest airports and 3 airlines in Tanzania with further information and data
Tanzania: ClimateClimate details in TanzaniaA climate analysis for Tanzania incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, Water temperature, Rainfalls
Ranking: MegacitiesMega cities - the biggest cities all over the worldRanking of the biggest cities worldwide. On top: Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing