Transport and infrastructure in Somalia

Our listing of the primary kinds of transport compares the infrastructure of Somalia with the average of all countries in Africa.

Airports in Somalia

Back to overview: Somalia

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 15,000 km. For each of the country's 16.36 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 0.92 meters. This puts Somalia in 211st place in the global ranking. However, it is also important to note the country's population density, which is very low at around 26 inhabitants per km². Like this, disproportionately long distances generally have to be covered to reach the more remote parts of the country.

With an average of 3939 traffic fatalities per year (2012 - 2019), road traffic in Somalia is considered quite dangerous. This corresponds to around 4.3 accident fatalities per 27.3 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 12.2 in the USA and 17.1 worldwide.

In Somalia, traffic drives on the right-hand side of the road, i.e. people drive in the right-hand lane and overtake on the left. Oncoming traffic comes toward you on the left side. This regulation was enforced in January 1st, 1970. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.



 totalper 1 mio
per km²
Roadways15,000 km916.90 km23.52 m
Railroads0 km0.00 km0.00 m
Waterways0 km0.00 km0.00 m
Commercial harbors40.240.000


 total per 1 mio
per km²
Roadways3,002,100 km2,186.19 km99.00 m
Railroads88,600 km64.51 km2.92 m
Waterways50,100 km36.46 km1.65 m
Commercial harbors7,8295.700.000

Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
Somalia: AirportsThe 7 airports in SomaliaThe 7 biggest airports in Somalia with further information on airlines and destinations
Somalia: ClimateClimate details in SomaliaA climate analysis for Somalia incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, Water temperature
Ranking: MegacitiesMega cities - the biggest cities all over the worldRanking of the biggest cities worldwide. On top: Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing