Transport and infrastructure in MozambiqueOur listing of the primary kinds of transport compares the infrastructure of Mozambique with the average of all countries in Africa. In many places, the traffic routes show considerable deficiencies and are often not in a particularly good condition.
In terms of the length of its rail network, Mozambique ranks 74th in the world with 0.15 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 4,787 kilometers long.
The waterways listed refer to inland traffic on rivers and canals. The number of ports includes those located on the total 2,470 km of coastline. In 2020, about 437,128 freight containers were transported.
› Airports in Mozambique
Back to overview: Mozambique
Road trafficThe network of roads and highways has a total length of 31,083 km. For each of the country's 32.16 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 0.97 meters. This puts Mozambique in 207th place in the global ranking. However, it is also important to note the country's population density, which is very low at around 41 inhabitants per km². Like this, disproportionately long distances generally have to be covered to reach the more remote parts of the country.
With an average of 8619 traffic fatalities per year (2012 - 2019), road traffic in Mozambique is considered quite dangerous. This corresponds to around 4.3 accident fatalities per 30.4 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 12.2 in the USA and 17.1 worldwide.
In Mozambique, left-hand traffic is the rule on the roads, i.e. you drive in the left lane and overtake on the right. Oncoming traffic comes to meet you on the right side. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.
|total||per 1 mio|
|Roadways||31,100 km||966.42 km||39.53 m|
|Railroads||4,800 km||148.84 km||6.09 m|
|Waterways||460 km||14.30 km||0.58 m|
|total||per 1 mio|
|Roadways||3,002,100 km||2,186.19 km||99.00 m|
|Railroads||88,600 km||64.51 km||2.92 m|
|Waterways||50,100 km||36.46 km||1.65 m|
Data sources used• Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
• Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
• CIA Factbook
• OECD Statistics
• Wikipedia (german)