Transport and infrastructure in Mozambique

Our listing of the primary types of transport compares the infrastructure of Mozambique with the average of all countries in Africa. In many places, the traffic routes show considerable deficiencies and are often not in a particularly good condition.

In terms of the length of its rail network, Mozambique ranks 73rd in the world with 0.15 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 4,787 kilometers long.

The waterways listed refer to inland traffic on rivers and canals. The number of ports includes those located on the 2,470 km of coastline. In 2021, about 440,582 freight containers were transported.

Airports in Mozambique

Back to overview: Mozambique

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 31,083 km. For each of the country's 32.08 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 0.97 meters. This puts Mozambique in 206th place in the global ranking. However, it is also important to note that the country's population density is very low at around 41 inhabitants per km². In this case, disproportionately long distances generally have to be covered to reach the more remote parts of the country.

With an average of 8712 traffic fatalities per year (2013 - 2019), road traffic in Mozambique is considered quite dangerous. This corresponds to 30.4 accident fatalities per 100,000 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 12.3 in the USA and 17.0 worldwide.

In Mozambique, left-hand traffic is the rule on the roads, i.e. you drive in the left lane and overtake on the right. Oncoming traffic comes to meet you on the right side. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.



 totalper 1 mio
per km²
Roadways31,100 km969.01 km39.53 m
Railroads4,800 km149.23 km6.09 m
Waterways460 km14.34 km0.58 m
Commercial harbors300.940.000


 total per 1 mio
per km²
Roadways2,997,800 km2,151.40 km98.86 m
Railroads88,600 km63.57 km2.92 m
Waterways68,400 km49.09 km2.26 m
Commercial harbors7,9495.700.000

Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
Mozambique: AirportsLargest airports and airlines in MozambiqueThe 11 biggest airports and in Mozambique with further information and data with further information on airlines and destinations
Mozambique: ClimateClimate details in MozambiqueA climate analysis for Mozambique incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, water temperature, rainfalls
Ranking: MegacitiesMega cities - the biggest cities all over the worldRanking of the biggest cities worldwide. On top: Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing