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Natural gas and oil in Libya

Energy consumption in Libya

The most important measure in the energy balance of Libya is the total consumption of
27.30 billion kWh
of electric energy per year. Per capita this is an average of 3,973 kWh.


Libya can provide itself completely with self-produced energy. The total production of all electric energy producing facilities is 34 bn kWh, also 125% of own requirements. The rest of the self-produced energy is either exported into other countries or unused. Along with pure consumptions the production, imports and exports play an important role. Other energy sources such as natural gas or crude oil are also used.

Back to overview: Libya

Energy Balance

ElectricitytotalLibya
per capita
USA
per capita
Own consumption27.30 bn kWh3,973.05 kWh11,770.70 kWh
Production34.24 bn kWh4,983.05 kWh12,352.90 kWh
Import376.00 m kWh54.72 kWh219.37 kWh

69.7% of the country's population (as of 2020) has access to electricity.In rural areas, the share was 7.8%
Crude OilBarrel/dayLibya
per capita
USA
per capita
Production1.04 m bbl0.151 bbl0.033 bbl
Export337,800.00 bbl0.049 bbl0.003 bbl

In 2018 there were still 48.36 bn barrels of recoverable but not yet used crude oil reserves in the currently known deposits of Libya. Worldwide, there are still proved oil reserves totaling around 1,620 bn billion barrels. Libya therefore has a share of 2.98% and ranks 9th out of 98 countries with crude oil reserves.
Natural GasCubic metersLibya
per capita
USA
per capita
Own consumption4.45 bn m³647.04 m³2,315.53 m³
Production9.09 bn m³1,322.75 m³2,331.21 m³
Export4.64 bn m³675.86 m³270.59 m³

Carbon footprint

CO2 emissions
in 2018
Libya
per capita
USA
per capita
total58.94 m t8.83 t15.03 t


Development of CO2 emissions from 1960 to 2018 in million tons
See also: CO2 equivalents by country

Carbon footprint Libya


Production capacities per energy source

The given production capacities for electric energy have a theoretical value, which could only be obtainable under ideal conditions. They are measuring the generatable amount of energy, that would be reached under permanent and full use of all capacities of all power plants. In practice this isn't possible, because e.g. solar collectors are less efficient unter clouds. Also wind- and water-power plants are not always operating under full load. All these values are only useful in relation to other energy sources or countries.

Energy sourcetotal
in Libya
percentage
in Libya
percentage
USA
per capita
in Libya
per capita
USA
Fossil fuels82.87 bn kWh100,0 %70,0 %12,060.27 kWh20,106.98 kWh
Nuclear power0.00 kWh0,0 %9,0 %0.00 kWh2,585.18 kWh
Water power0.00 kWh0,0 %7,0 %0.00 kWh2,010.70 kWh
Renewable energy0.00 kWh0,0 %14,0 %0.00 kWh4,021.40 kWh
Total production capacity82.87 bn kWh100,0 %100,0 %12,060.27 kWh28,724.25 kWh
Actual total production34.24 bn kWh41.3 %43.0 %4,983.05 kWh12,352.90 kWh

Usage of renewable energies

Renewable energies include wind, solar, biomass and geothermal energy sources. This means all energy sources that renew themselves within a short time or are permanently available. Energy from hydropower is only partly a renewable energy. This is certainly the case with river or tidal power plants. Otherwise, numerous dams or reservoirs also produce mixed forms, e.g. by pumping water into their reservoirs at night and recovering energy from them during the day when there is an increased demand for electricity. Since it is not possible to clearly determine the amount of generated energy, all energies from hydropower are displayed separately.

In 2018, renewable energies accounted for around 2.6 percent of actual total consumption in Libya. The following chart shows the percentage share from 1990 to 2018:

Renewable energy Libya
Greenhouse gases emissions by countryGreenhouse gases emissions by countryMethane and CO2 are the main greenhouse gases. This list names the biggest polluters by country.
Climate changes by continentsGlobal warming by continentsAvg. temperatures from 1950 to 2022. Increased in Europe and North America - Antarctic colder again.
Norway: EnergyEnergy consumption in NorwayEnergy balance and production capacities in Norway including comparison with the USA