Transport and infrastructure in Kenya

Our listing of the primary kinds of transport compares the infrastructure of Kenya with the average of all countries in Africa. The traffic routes have noticeable defects in many places and are often not in a particularly good condition.

In terms of the length of its rail network, Kenya ranks 93rd in the world with 0.07 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 3,819 kilometers long.

Airports in Kenya

Back to overview: Kenya

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 177,800 km. For each of the country's 54.99 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 3.23 meters. This puts Kenya in 141st place in the global ranking. However, the country's size and population density of around 95 inhabitants per km² must also be taken into account. Countries with fewer inhabitants on the same or even larger area naturally achieve quite different values here and have to connect remote areas to the transport network despite a smaller population.

With an average of 13547 traffic fatalities per year (2012 - 2019), road traffic in Kenya is considered quite dangerous. This corresponds to around 4.3 accident fatalities per 27.3 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 12.2 in the USA and 17.1 worldwide.

In Kenya, left-hand traffic is the rule on the roads, i.e. you drive in the left lane and overtake on the right. Oncoming traffic comes to meet you on the right side. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.



 totalper 1 mio
per km²
Roadways177,800 km3,233.57 km306.36 m
Railroads3,800 km69.45 km6.58 m
Waterways0 km0.00 km0.00 m
Commercial harbors260.470.000


 total per 1 mio
per km²
Roadways3,002,100 km2,186.19 km99.00 m
Railroads88,600 km64.51 km2.92 m
Waterways50,100 km36.46 km1.65 m
Commercial harbors7,8295.700.000

Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
Kenya: AirportsLargest airports and airlines in KenyaThe 16 biggest airports and 3 airlines in Kenya with further information and data
Kenya: ClimateClimate details in KenyaA climate analysis for Kenya incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, Water temperature, Rainfalls
Ranking: MegacitiesMega cities - the biggest cities all over the worldRanking of the biggest cities worldwide. On top: Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing