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Public health and Covid-19 in Ethiopia

Healthcare in Ethiopia

Healthcare in Ethiopia is slightly below average in a worldwide comparison.

Probably the most important indicator that can be used to summarize the efficiency of all measures is general life expectancy. In other words, the theoretical age that a newborn child could potentially reach today. At the moment, this age in Ethiopia is 62.5 years for men and 68.4 years for women. For comparison: worldwide life expectancy is about 6.9 years lower (men: 69.8 / women: 74.9 years).

A total of 26.74 USD per inhabitant is spent annually on health measures at state expense. This corresponds to approximately 3.2 percent of the gross domestic product. Internationally, this amount averages 1,115.01 USD (~ 9.8% of the respective GDP).


Back to overview: Ethiopia

Distribution of the corona virus

Spread of COVID-19 in Ethiopia

Since the beginning of the pandemic until February 1st, 2023, a total of 499,420 infected people and 7,572 deaths have been reported in Ethiopia.

The total of 499,420 infected people currently represents 0.43 percent of the total population. The number of new infections during the seven days preceding February 1st, 2023, was 91, for a 7-day incidence of 0.1 cases per 100,000 population. Since the outbreak of the pandemic, this results in a mortality rate of about 1.5 percent in Ethiopia.

Current vaccination status

According to official WHO data, a total of 52.51 million vaccine doses have been administered as of July 31st, 2022. More recent data are not yet available to WHO. There are 43.11 million people who have received at least one vaccination (37.5 percent). The booster vaccination was received by 2.42 million people (2.1 percent).

36.71 million of these are considered fully vaccinated in Ethiopia (= 31.9 percent).
This puts Ethiopia well behind in terms of vaccination coverage. The vaccination rate is higher in 184 countries.

Due to the current COVID-19 pandemic, we update the worldwide case numbers daily. A list of all infections and deaths by country can be found on our COVID-19 virus topic page.

Weight and size

MaleFemale
Body height168 cm157 cm
BMI20.121.0
Weight56.5 kg51.6 kg

Diseases

EthiopiaØ worldwide
Diabetes *4.30%8.81%
Tuberculosis1.19‰1.34‰
Malaria3.2%5.7%
HIV / Aids0.02%0.03%

* The number of people suffering from diabetes refers only to inhabitants aged between 20 and 79 years.


Child vaccinations

EthiopiaØ worldwide
Measles54.0%81.7%
Hepatitis B0.07%0.08%
Tetanus9.0%0.0%
DTP *6.50%8.14%

* DTP is a combined basic vaccination against diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough) and tetanus, which should be given to children up to the age of 23 months.

In Ethiopia, 5.1 percent of all over 15-year-olds are still smokers.


Medical supplies

Public health and Covid-19 in EthiopiaMedical care provided by doctors and hospitals in Ethiopia is below average compared to the world population. The country provides 0.3 hospital beds per 1,000 inhabitants. The global mean here is 2.9 beds. Within the EU, 4.6 beds are available for every 1,000 residents.

With about 12,000 physicians in Ethiopia, there are about 0.10 doctors per 1000 inhabitants. Here again the comparison: worldwide this standard is 1.50 physicians per 1,000 inhabitants and in the EU is 3.57.

Due to the low level of care, the mortality of major known diseases can only be reduced in comparatively few cases. According to current information, about 17 percent of all people who suffer from cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases or chylomicron retention disease (CRD) still die.

Drinking water supply

Explanation of the graph:
Red line: access to water supply via wells or delivered drinking water
Green bars: Permanent access to running and tested drinking water connection


Only around 13 percent of the population has access to an immediately available running water supply. At least via springs and wells within a maximum distance of 30 minutes or supplied water, 50 peprcent of the population is supplied with largely clean drinking water. In a global comparison, only about 74 percent of the population has direct access to tested and always available drinking water. Within the European Union, this share is 98 percent. Only in a few countries does the proportion fall below 10 percent.

Sources

The above data correspond to the information from the World Health Organization, Global Health Workforce Statistics, UNICEF, State of the World's Children, Childinfo, Global Health Observatory Data Repository and OECD. The case numbers for the spread of the COVID-19 come from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC).

Infected and deaths by the corona virus (COVID 19)Spread of the Corona virus Covid19 (SARS-CoV-2)Worldwide development of the number of cases and deaths due to the corona virus.
Comparison: Life expectancyAverage life expectancy by countryInternational ranking of life expectancy in 121 countries including summary by continents. Explanation of significant factors.
Comparison: quality of lifeQuality of life in country comparisonCompare the quality of life around the globe: In which countries is life pleasant, safe and healthy?