Transport and infrastructure in Eswatini

Our listing of the primary kinds of transport compares the infrastructure of Eswatini with the average of all countries in Africa. The traffic routes have noticeable defects in many places and are often not in a particularly good condition.

In terms of the length of its rail network, Eswatini ranks 56th in the world with 0.26 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 301 kilometers long.

Airports in Eswatini

Back to overview: Eswatini

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 3,769 km. For each of the country's 1.17 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 3.21 meters. This puts Eswatini in 142nd place in the global ranking. However, it is also important to note the country's population density, which is very low at around 68 inhabitants per km². Like this, disproportionately long distances generally have to be covered to reach the more remote parts of the country.

With an average of 358 traffic fatalities per year (2012 - 2019), road traffic in Eswatini is considered very dangerous. This corresponds to around 4.3 accident fatalities per 31.9 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 12.2 in the USA and 17.1 worldwide.

In Eswatini, left-hand traffic is the rule on the roads, i.e. you drive in the left lane and overtake on the right. Oncoming traffic comes to meet you on the right side. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.



 totalper 1 mio
per km²
Roadways3,800 km3,214.86 km217.11 m
Railroads300 km256.75 km17.34 m
Waterways0 km0.00 km0.00 m
Commercial harbors00.000.000


 total per 1 mio
per km²
Roadways3,002,100 km2,186.19 km99.00 m
Railroads88,600 km64.51 km2.92 m
Waterways50,100 km36.46 km1.65 m
Commercial harbors7,8295.700.000

Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
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