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Population growth

Population growth in Eswatini

From 1960 to 2020 the population of Eswatini increased from 349,174.00 to 1.16 m people. This is a growth by 232.3 percent in 60 years. The highest increase in Eswatini was recorded in 1984 with 3.55%. The smallest increase in 1979 with 0.13%.

In the same period, the total population of all countries worldwide increased by 155.8 percent.
The average age in Eswatini rose by 3.88 years from 2012 to 2020 from 19.82 to 23.70 years (median value).

Around 24% of the inhabitants live in the country's larger cities. This growing trend of urbanization is increasing by 1.8% annually.

Population growth in worldwide comparison



Back to overview: Eswatini

Population development in Eswatini since 1960

(Data given in 1000 inhabitants)
YearPopulation
Eswatini
ChangeBirthrateDeathratePopulation
World
Change
1961357,0002.37 %  3,075 M1.35 %
1962366,0002.29 %  3,128 M1.72 %
1963374,0002.26 %  3,193 M2.07 %
1964382,0002.29 %  3,258 M2.05 %
1965392,0002.37 %  3,325 M2.05 %
1966401,0002.46 %  3,395 M2.10 %
1967411,0002.53 %  3,464 M2.05 %
1968422,0002.62 %  3,535 M2.03 %
1969434,0002.71 %  3,609 M2.11 %
1970446,0002.80 %  3,685 M2.09 %
1971459,0002.89 %  3,762 M2.10 %
1972472,0002.97 %  3,839 M2.04 %
1973487,0003.03 %  3,915 M1.98 %
1974502,0003.07 %  3,991 M1.96 %
1975517,0003.09 %  4,066 M1.87 %
1976533,0003.13 %  4,139 M1.79 %
1977550,0003.17 %  4,212 M1.75 %
1978568,0003.17 %  4,286 M1.75 %
1979568,0000.13 %48.3 ‰13.5 ‰4,358 M1.68 %
1980588,0003.44 %48.1 ‰13.1 ‰4,434 M1.75 %
1981608,0003.49 %47.9 ‰12.6 ‰4,512 M1.76 %
1982630,0003.52 %47.7 ‰12.1 ‰4,593 M1.80 %
1983652,0003.54 %47.4 ‰11.6 ‰4,675 M1.78 %
1984675,0003.55 %47.1 ‰11.1 ‰4,757 M1.75 %
1985699,0003.53 %46.7 ‰10.7 ‰4,840 M1.75 %
1986724,0003.51 %46.2 ‰10.2 ‰4,926 M1.77 %
1987749,0003.46 %45.5 ‰9.8 ‰5,014 M1.78 %
1988774,0003.36 %44.7 ‰9.5 ‰5,102 M1.77 %
1989799,0003.20 %43.7 ‰9.3 ‰5,191 M1.74 %
1990822,0002.99 %42.6 ‰9.1 ‰5,281 M1.74 %
1991845,0002.78 %41.4 ‰9.1 ‰5,369 M1.66 %
1992867,0002.57 %40.2 ‰9.2 ‰5,453 M1.57 %
1993888,0002.39 %38.9 ‰9.5 ‰5,538 M1.56 %
1994908,0002.24 %37.7 ‰9.8 ‰5,623 M1.52 %
1995927,0002.12 %36.6 ‰10.3 ‰5,708 M1.51 %
1996946,0002.01 %35.6 ‰11.0 ‰5,790 M1.45 %
1997963,0001.90 %34.7 ‰11.7 ‰5,873 M1.43 %
1998980,0001.71 %34.0 ‰12.5 ‰5,955 M1.39 %
1999994,0001.45 %33.4 ‰13.3 ‰6,035 M1.35 %
20001,005,0001.14 %32.9 ‰14.1 ‰6,115 M1.32 %
20011,014,0000.81 %32.6 ‰14.8 ‰6,194 M1.30 %
20021,019,0000.54 %32.4 ‰15.3 ‰6,274 M1.28 %
20031,023,0000.37 %32.3 ‰15.6 ‰6,353 M1.26 %
20041,026,0000.34 %32.3 ‰15.6 ‰6,432 M1.25 %
20051,031,0000.42 %32.2 ‰15.5 ‰6,513 M1.25 %
20061,036,0000.53 %32.2 ‰15.1 ‰6,594 M1.24 %
20071,043,0000.63 %32.0 ‰14.6 ‰6,675 M1.24 %
20081,050,0000.70 %31.9 ‰14.0 ‰6,758 M1.24 %
20091,057,0000.72 %31.0 ‰17.1 ‰6,841 M1.22 %
20101,065,0000.70 %30.4 ‰16.2 ‰6,922 M1.19 %
20111,072,0000.68 %29.7 ‰15.3 ‰7,003 M1.17 %
20121,079,0000.68 %29.1 ‰14.2 ‰7,086 M1.18 %
20131,087,0000.70 %28.5 ‰13.2 ‰7,176 M1.27 %
20141,095,0000.75 %28.0 ‰12.2 ‰7,262 M1.20 %
20151,104,0000.82 %27.6 ‰11.2 ‰7,348 M1.18 %
20161,114,0000.90 %27.2 ‰10.5 ‰7,434 M1.17 %
20171,125,0000.97 %26.8 ‰9.8 ‰7,519 M1.15 %
20181,136,0001.02 %26.3 ‰9.4 ‰7,602 M1.11 %
20191,148,0001.04 %25.9 ‰9.1 ‰7,683 M1.06 %
20201,160,0001.05 %  7,762 M1.02 %



Population growth

Birth- and deathrate in Eswatini

Population growth is the result of the birth rate, the mortality rate and the migration rate. The example of the year 2019 in the graph: The population in Eswatini increased by about 11,900 inhabitants. In the same year, the death rate was 9.1 per 1000 people (~ 10,300 deaths) and the birth rate was 25.9 per 1000 people (~ 29,400 births). As a result, around 7,200 inhabitants have migrated to other countries.

Over the past 10 years, the number of average deaths per year was 13,281 in Eswatini. The number of births was 30,784 annually.

The development of births and deaths is displayed in the following graph. All data refer to births or deaths per 1000 inhabitants.





Birthrate      
Deathrate

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