Transport and infrastructure in Egypt

Our listing of the primary types of transport compares the infrastructure of Egypt with the average of all countries in Africa. The main traffic and transport routes are in good condition, but do not reach the level of the leading industrial nations.

In terms of the length of its rail network, Egypt ranks 110th in the world with 0.05 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 5,085 kilometers long.

The waterways listed refer to inland traffic on rivers and canals. The number of ports includes those located on the 2,450 km of coastline. In 2020, about 6.81 million freight containers were transported.

Airports in Egypt

Back to overview: Egypt

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 65,050 km. For each of the country's 109.26 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 0.60 meters. This puts Egypt in 224th place in the global ranking. However, the country's size and population density of around 109 inhabitants per km² must also be taken into account. Countries with fewer inhabitants in the same or even larger area naturally achieve quite different values here and have to connect remote areas to the transport network despite a smaller population.

With an average of 10808 traffic fatalities per year (2013 - 2019), road traffic in Egypt is considered reasonably safe. This corresponds to 10.8 accident fatalities per 100,000 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 12.3 in the USA and 17.0 worldwide.

In Egypt, traffic drives on the right-hand side of the road, i.e. people drive in the right-hand lane and overtake on the left. Oncoming traffic comes toward you on the left side. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.



 totalper 1 mio
per km²
Roadways65,100 km595.36 km64.96 m
Railroads5,100 km46.54 km5.08 m
Waterways3,500 km32.03 km3.49 m
Commercial harbors4213.850.000


 total per 1 mio
per km²
Roadways2,997,800 km2,151.40 km98.86 m
Railroads88,600 km63.57 km2.92 m
Waterways68,400 km49.09 km2.26 m
Commercial harbors7,9495.700.000

Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
Egypt: AirportsLargest airports and airlines in EgyptThe 12 biggest airports and 8 airlines in Egypt with further information and data with further information on airlines and destinations
Egypt: ClimateClimate details in EgyptA climate analysis for Egypt incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, water temperature, rainfalls
Ranking: MegacitiesMega cities - the biggest cities all over the worldRanking of the biggest cities worldwide. On top: Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing