Transport and infrastructure in the Republic of the Congo

Our listing of the primary types of transport compares the infrastructure of the Republic of the Congo with the average of all countries in Africa. The traffic routes have noticeable defects in many places and are often not in particularly good condition.

In terms of the length of its rail network, Congo ranks 83rd in the world with 0.09 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 510 kilometers long. Passenger traffic reached 266.47 million passenger-kilometers in 2012.

The waterways listed refer to inland traffic on rivers and canals. The number of ports includes those located on the 169 km of coastline. In 2020, about 930,000 freight containers were transported.

Airports in the Republic of the Congo

Back to overview: Congo

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 23,324 km. For each of the country's 5.84 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 4.00 meters. This puts Congo in 124th place in the global ranking. However, it is also important to note that the country's population density is very low at around 17 inhabitants per km². In this case, disproportionately long distances generally have to be covered to reach the more remote parts of the country.

With an average of 1489 traffic fatalities per year (2013 - 2019), road traffic in the Republic of the Congo is considered quite dangerous. This corresponds to 28.2 accident fatalities per 100,000 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 12.3 in the USA and 17.0 worldwide.

In the Congo, traffic drives on the right-hand side of the road, i.e. people drive in the right-hand lane and overtake on the left. Oncoming traffic comes toward you on the left side. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.



 totalper 1 mio
per km²
Roadways23,300 km3,996.71 km68.20 m
Railroads500 km87.39 km1.49 m
Waterways1,120 km191.92 km3.27 m
Commercial harbors111.880.000


 total per 1 mio
per km²
Roadways2,997,800 km2,151.40 km98.86 m
Railroads88,600 km63.57 km2.92 m
Waterways68,400 km49.09 km2.26 m
Commercial harbors7,9495.700.000

Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
Republic of the Congo: AirportsLargest airports and airlines in the Republic of the CongoThe 3 biggest airports and 2 airlines in the Republic of the Congo with further information and data with further information on airlines and destinations
Republic of the Congo: ClimateClimate details in the Republic of the CongoA climate analysis for the Republic of the Congo incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, rainfalls
Ranking: MegacitiesMega cities - the biggest cities all over the worldRanking of the biggest cities worldwide. On top: Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing