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Natural gas and oil in Botswana

Energy consumption in Botswana

The most important figure in the energy balance of Botswana is the total consumption of
3.64 billion kWh
of electric energy per year. Per capita this is an average of 1,405 kWh.

Botswana can partly be self-sufficient with domestically produced energy. The total production of all electric energy producing facilities is three bn kWh. That is 69 percent of the country's own usage. The rest of the needed energy is imported from foreign countries. Along with pure consumption, the production, imports and exports play an important role. Other energy sources, such as natural gas or crude oil are also used.

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Energy Balance

ElectricitytotalBotswana
per capita
USA
per capita
Own consumption3.64 bn kWh1,404.72 kWh11,756.77 kWh
Production2.53 bn kWh976.27 kWh12,338.29 kWh
Import1.67 bn kWh646.34 kWh219.11 kWh

72.0% of the country's population (as of 2020) has access to electricity.In rural areas, the share was 26.4%

CO₂ emissions

CO₂ emissions
in 2019
Botswana
per capita
USA
per capita
total7.25 m t2.90 t14.67 t


Development of CO₂ emissions from 1979 to 2019 in million tons
See also: CO₂ equivalents by country

CO₂ emissions Botswana


Production capacities per energy source

The given production capacities for electric energy have a theoretical value, which can only be obtained under ideal conditions. They are measuring the generatable amount of energy, that would be reached under permanent and full use of all capacities of all power plants.

In practice this isn't possible, because e.g. solar collectors are less efficient under clouds. Also wind- and water-power plants are not always operating under full load. All these values are only useful in relation to other energy sources or countries.

Energy sourcetotal
in Botswana
Percentage
in Botswana
Percentage
USA
per capita
in Botswana
per capita
USA
Fossil fuels6.44 bn kWh100,0 %70,0 %2,487.46 kWh20,083.19 kWh
Nuclear power0.00 kWh0,0 %9,0 %0.00 kWh2,582.12 kWh
Water power0.00 kWh0,0 %7,0 %0.00 kWh2,008.32 kWh
Renewable energy0.00 kWh0,0 %14,0 %0.00 kWh4,016.64 kWh
Total production capacity6.44 bn kWh100,0 %100,0 %2,487.46 kWh28,690.27 kWh
Actual total production2.53 bn kWh39.2 %43.0 %976.27 kWh12,338.29 kWh

Usage of renewable energies

Renewable energy includes wind, solar, biomass and geothermal energy sources. This means all energy sources that renew themselves within a short time or are permanently available. Energy from hydropower is only partly a renewable energy. This is certainly the case with river or tidal power plants. Otherwise, numerous dams or reservoirs also produce mixed forms, e.g. by pumping water into their reservoirs at night and recovering energy from them during the day when there is an increased demand for electricity. Since it is not possible to clearly determine the amount of generated energy, all energy from hydropower is displayed separately.

In 2019, renewable energy accounted for around 25.6 percent of actual total consumption in Botswana. The following chart shows the percentage share from 1990 to 2019:

Renewable energy Botswana
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