Transport and infrastructure in Luxembourg

Our listing of the primary kinds of transport compares the infrastructure of Luxembourg with the average of all countries in Europe. Overall, the traffic routes are above average and in good condition.

In terms of the length of its rail network, Luxembourg ranks 39th in the world with 0.43 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 275 kilometers long. Freight traffic on the rails most recently totaled 191.15 million tons and kilometers traveled. Passenger traffic reached 383.00 million passenger-kilometers in 2015.

The waterways and ports listed refer to inland traffic on rivers and canals, as there is no direct access to the sea in Luxembourg.

Airports in Luxembourg

Back to overview: Luxembourg

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 2,875 km. For each of the country's 639,070 inhabitants, this corresponds to 4.50 meters. This puts Luxembourg in 114th place in the global ranking. However, the country's size and population density of around 247 inhabitants per km² must also be taken into account. Countries with fewer inhabitants on the same or even larger area naturally achieve quite different values here and have to connect remote areas to the transport network despite a smaller population.

With an average of 36 traffic fatalities per year (2012 - 2019), road traffic in Luxembourg is considered relatively safe. This corresponds to around 4.3 accident fatalities per 6.2 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 12.2 in the USA and 17.1 worldwide.

In Luxembourg, traffic drives on the right-hand side of the road, i.e. people drive in the right-hand lane and overtake on the left. Oncoming traffic comes toward you on the left side. This rule was introduced at the end of the 18th century during the Napoleonic Wars. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.



 totalper 1 mio
per km²
Roadways2,900 km4,498.72 km1,110.04 m
Railroads300 km430.31 km106.18 m
Waterways37 km57.90 km14.29 m
Commercial harbors153239.410.059


 total per 1 mio
per km²
Roadways6,708,300 km11,157.59 km1,111.61 m
Railroads258,600 km430.13 km42.85 m
Waterways53,100 km88.38 km8.81 m
Commercial harbors15,29125.430.003

Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
Luxembourg: AirportsLargest airports and airlines in LuxembourgThe biggest airports and Luxair in Luxembourg with further information and data
Luxembourg: ClimateClimate and temperature development in LuxembourgA climate analysis for Luxembourg incl. temperatures, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, Rainfalls
Ranking: MegacitiesMega cities - the biggest cities all over the worldRanking of the biggest cities worldwide. On top: Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing