Tsunamis in Italy

In a total of 42 tidal waves classified as a tsunami since 365 a total of 181 people died in Italy. Tsunamis therefore occur comparatively often in this country.

The biggest impact in terms of lifes, injuries, destroyed homes and economy had been a tsunami on 02/06/1783.

Other natural hazards in Italy:
The most severe natural disasters worldwide

Back to overview: Italy

The marked positions on the map represent the most effected regions within the past 360 years.

Tsunamis are caused by earthquakes or other seismic eruptions on ground of an oceans and can cause massive tidal waves, which run with enormous force on land, causing great devastation. Especially in regions with only few tsunamis, the damage is often drastic, as the population does not expect tsunamis and thus hardly takes any protective measures. Even relatively small flood waves can lead to high losses and financial damage.

The largest tsunamis in Italy since 1682

DateCausemax wave heightDeathsTotal damage
11/17/2015Earthquake, landslide in Greece (Ionian Sea) with a magnitude of 6.5.unknown2
05/21/2003Earthquake in Algeria (N. Algeria) with a magnitude of 6.8. The tsunami also reached France, Spain, Algeria.unknown2
12/30/2002Volcano, landslide in Italy (Stromboli Island)unknown10
04/20/1988Landslide in Italy (La Fossa Volcano, Vulcano Is.)unknown1
04/18/1968Earthquake in Italy (Liguria-Cote D'azur) with a magnitude of 4.6.unknown1
07/09/1956Earthquake in Greece (Cyclades) with a magnitude of 7.8. The tsunami caused damages in 5 further countries. A total of 3 humans died.unknown2
02/01/1954Volcano in Italy (Stromboli Island)unknown4
08/20/1944Volcano in Italy (Stromboli Island)unknown1
09/11/1930Volcano in Italy (Stromboli Island)unknown1
05/22/1919Volcano in Italy (Stromboli Island)unknown7
07/03/1916Earthquake in Italy (Stromboli Island) with a magnitude of 5.1.unknown3
12/28/1908Earthquake, landslide in Italy (Messina Strait, Ionian Sea) with a magnitude of 7.0. The tsunami also reached Malta, Egypt, Tunisia, Libya. A total of 2,000 humans died.unknown85
10/23/1907Earthquake in Italy (Ionian Calabria) with a magnitude of 5.9.unknown4
09/20/1867Earthquake in Greece (Peloponnesus, Greece) with a magnitude of 7.1. The tsunami also reached Greece, Malta, Albania.unknown3
08/26/1846Earthquake in Italy (Tuscany)unknown2
08/14/1846Earthquake in Italy (Livorno) with a magnitude of 6.1.unknown1
04/24/1836Earthquake in Italy (Rossano)unknown3
02/20/1818Earthquake in Italy (Eastern Sicily) with a magnitude of 6.0.unknown1
07/26/1805Earthquake in Italy (Campania) with a magnitude of 6.6.unknown1
01/07/1784Earthquake in Italy (Ionian Calabria) with a magnitude of 4.1.unknown1
03/28/1783Earthquake in Italy (Tyrrhenian Calabria) with a magnitude of 6.9.unknown1
03/24/1783Landslide in Italy (Messina Straits)unknown1
03/01/1783Earthquake in Italy (Tyrrhenian Calabria) with a magnitude of 5.9.unknown1
02/06/1783Earthquake, landslide in Italy (Messina Straits) with a magnitude of 5.9.unknown10
02/05/1783Earthquake in Italy (Tyrrhenian Calabria) with a magnitude of 6.9.unknown11
01/16/1742Earthquake in Italy (Livorno)unknown1
09/01/1726Earthquake in Italy (Northern Sicily) with a magnitude of 5.8.unknown1
07/20/1707Earthquake in Italy (Bay Of Naples)unknown1
01/11/1693Earthquake in Italy (Island Of Sicily) with a magnitude of 7.4.unknown1
08/01/1682Earthquake in Italy (Bay Of Naples)unknown5

These statistics are based on datas from the National Geophysical Data Center / World Data Service (NGDC/WDS): Global Historical Tsunami Database. doi:10.7289/V5TD9V7K. Several data have been summarized and translated.