Climate comparison



All information: Germany
All information: Panama
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Climate zoneTemperate zoneTropics
Latitudes55° 1' N to 47° 25' N9° 33' N to 7° 24' N
Distance to equator5,300 - 6,100 km800 - 1,100 km
Annual valuesGermanyPanama
Ø Daytime maximum temperature13.80 °C30.90 °C
Ø Daily low temperature5.6 °C22.70 °C
Ø Water temperature9.9 °C27 °C
Ø Humidity79 %81 %
Rain days118.8 days141.6 days
Hours of sunshine1,716 hrs.2,227 hrs.

Colors of the following climate diagrams:

Daily maximum temperatures

The highest daytime temperatures in Germany are reached in July with an average of 24.0 °C. The coldest month, on the other hand, is January, with an average of just 3.4 °C. In Panama, March is the warmest month, with 32.4 °C. There, it is coolest in October with an average of 29.4 °C.

Night time lows

At night, it cools down to varying degrees depending on the country and altitude. In Germany, temperatures drop as low as -1.4 °C in January. The warmest nights are in July at 13.4 °C. In Panama, it is coolest at night in January at 21.7 °C and warmest in May at 23.5 °C. This corresponds to a cooling of 4.7 to 10.6 °C in Germany and 6.6 to 10.0 °C in Panama.

Water temperatures


The humidity of the air depends to a large extent on the air temperature. The warmer the air, the more water it can absorb. At a temperature of 25°C it is 23 grams per cubic meter, at 30 degrees it is already 26 grams. Therefore, the air humidity is given as a relative value to the temperature-dependent maximum amount. It becomes unpleasant when high humidity is combined with high temperatures.


Humidex is an approximate, sensed temperature calculated on the basis of air temperature, dew point and humidity. It was developed in 1965 by the Canadian meteorologists J. M. Masterton and F. A. Richardson. Since the wind speed is ignored here, it is not very meaningful in areas below approx. 15°C. Above that, it is more reliable, since at higher temperatures humidity plays a greater role than wind.

Rain days per month

By definition, a rain day is a day on which at least 0.1 liters of precipitation per m² fall. This corresponds to a 1 square meter puddle in which the water stands 0.1 mm high — insofar as the water does not seep away or evaporate. So it does not have to rain all day long. January brings the most rainy days (12.3) in Germany. With an average of only 7.2 days, April is the friendliest. In Panama, it rains most often in October with 20.0 days.

Sunshine hours per day

With 2,227 hours of sunshine per year, Panama is in the lead. The most hours of sunshine (8.7 per day) are in February. Germany falls into second place with only 1,716 hours. There the sun is visible in December for only 1.3 hours per day, so not hidden behind clouds.

Hours of daylight

The length of a day varies throughout the year and depends on the distance from the equator. In December, the day in Germany is only 8.1 hours long. In June, on the other hand, it is 16.6 hours. In Panama, it is 11.7 hours in January and 12.6 in June.
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