Climate comparison



All information: Chad
All information: France
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Climate zoneTropicsTemperate zone
Latitudes21° 50' N to 8° 16' N51° 5' N to 41° 35' N
Distance to equator900 - 2,400 km4,600 - 5,700 km
Annual valuesChadFrance
Ø Daytime maximum temperature35.60 °C16.80 °C
Ø Daily low temperature20.50 °C7.9 °C
Ø Humidity41 %78 %
Precipitation562 mm734 mm
Rain days43.2 days106.8 days
Hours of sunshine3,212 hrs.2,008 hrs.

Colors of the following climate diagrams:

Daily maximum temperatures

The highest daytime temperatures in Chad are reached in April with an average of 39.9 °C. The coldest month, on the other hand, is December, with an average of just 32.0 °C. In France, July is the warmest month, with 26.0 °C. There, it is coolest in January with an average of 7.8 °C.

Night time lows

At night, it cools down to varying degrees depending on the country and altitude. In Chad, temperatures drop as low as 14.5 °C in January. The warmest nights are in May at 24.6 °C. In France, it is coolest at night in January at 1.7 °C and warmest in July at 15.1 °C. This corresponds to a cooling of 11.1 to 17.6 °C in Chad and 6.1 to 10.9 °C in France.


The humidity of the air depends to a large extent on the air temperature. The warmer the air, the more water it can absorb. At a temperature of 25°C it is 23 grams per cubic meter, at 30 degrees it is already 26 grams. Therefore, the air humidity is given as a relative value to the temperature-dependent maximum amount. It becomes unpleasant when high humidity is combined with high temperatures.


Humidex is an approximate, sensed temperature calculated on the basis of air temperature, dew point and humidity. It was developed in 1965 by the Canadian meteorologists J. M. Masterton and F. A. Richardson. Since the wind speed is ignored here, it is not very meaningful in areas below approx. 15°C. Above that, it is more reliable, since at higher temperatures humidity plays a greater role than wind.

Rain days per month

By definition, a rain day is a day on which at least 0.1 liters of precipitation per m² fall. This corresponds to a 1 square meter puddle in which the water stands 0.1 mm high — insofar as the water does not seep away or evaporate. So it does not have to rain all day long. August brings the most rainy days (10.5) in Chad. With an average of only 0.1 days, January is the friendliest. In France, it rains most often in January with 11.0 days.

Precipitation amount per day

Depending on the season and the location of a country, the wind brings a varying amount of water with it. As a rule, the water evaporating in the oceans is absorbed and then transported inland. The greatest amount of rain (hail or dew are also forms of precipitation) in Chad occurs in August, when about 5.3 liters per square meter fall per day. In France, the average amount of precipitation ranges from 1.7 liters per day in March to 2.5 in November. However, these are average values. If you consider that there are only 10.5 rainy days in France in November, each of them accounts for about 7.2 liters.

Sunshine hours per day

With 3,212 hours of sunshine per year, Chad is in the lead. The most hours of sunshine (9.7 per day) are in November. France falls into second place with only 2,008 hours. There the sun is visible in January for only 2.6 hours per day, so not hidden behind clouds.

Hours of daylight

The length of a day varies throughout the year and depends on the distance from the equator. In December, the day in Chad is only 11.3 hours long. In June, on the other hand, it is 13.0 hours. In France, it is 8.7 hours in December and 15.8 in June.
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