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Climate comparison

Australia

South Africa

Australia
All information: Australia
South Africa
All information: South Africa
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AustraliaSouth Africa
Climate zoneTropics to Temperate zoneTropics to Subtropics
Latitudes10° 35' S to 43° 2' S22° 21' S to 34° 32' S
Distance to equator1,200 - 4,800 km2,500 - 3,800 km
 
Annual valuesAustraliaSouth Africa
Ø Daytime maximum temperature24.30 °C24.70 °C
Ø Daily low temperature12.60 °C11.60 °C
Ø Water temperature26.30 °C19.60 °C
Ø Humidity64 %62 %
Precipitation672 mm584 mm
Rain days70.8 days57.6 days
Hours of sunshine2,884 hrs.3,103 hrs.


Colors of the following climate diagrams:
South Africa
Australia

Daily maximum temperatures

The highest daytime temperatures in Australia are reached in January with an average of 30.3 °C. The coldest month, on the other hand, is July, with an average of just 17.8 °C. In South Africa, January is the warmest month, with 28.5 °C. There, it is coolest in July with an average of 19.6 °C.

Night time lows

At night, it cools down to varying degrees depending on the country and altitude. In Australia, temperatures drop as low as 7.0 °C in July. The warmest nights are in January at 18.2 °C. In South Africa, it is coolest at night in July at 5.0 °C and warmest in January at 17.0 °C. This corresponds to a cooling of 10.3 to 12.7 °C in Australia and 11.5 to 14.6 °C in South Africa.

Water temperatures

Humidity

The humidity of the air depends to a large extent on the air temperature. The warmer the air, the more water it can absorb. At a temperature of 25°C it is 23 grams per cubic meter, at 30 degrees it is already 26 grams. Therefore, the air humidity is given as a relative value to the temperature-dependent maximum amount. It becomes unpleasant when high humidity is combined with high temperatures.

Humidex

Humidex is an approximate, sensed temperature calculated on the basis of air temperature, dew point and humidity. It was developed in 1965 by the Canadian meteorologists J. M. Masterton and F. A. Richardson. Since the wind speed is ignored here, it is not very meaningful in areas below approx. 15°C. Above that, it is more reliable, since at higher temperatures humidity plays a greater role than wind.

Rain days per month

By definition, a rain day is a day on which at least 0.1 liters of precipitation per m² fall. This corresponds to a 1 square meter puddle in which the water stands 0.1 mm high — insofar as the water does not seep away or evaporate. So it does not have to rain all day long. July brings the most rainy days (6.7) in Australia. With an average of only 5.2 days, April is the friendliest. In South Africa, it rains most often in January with 7.9 days.

Precipitation amount per day

Depending on the season and the location of a country, the wind brings a varying amount of water with it. As a rule, the water evaporating in the oceans is absorbed and then transported inland. The greatest amount of rain (hail or dew are also forms of precipitation) in Australia occurs in February, when about 3.0 liters per square meter fall per day. In South Africa, the average amount of precipitation ranges from 0.6 liters per day in July to 2.9 in December. However, these are average values. If you consider that there are only 5.9 rainy days in Australia in February, each of them accounts for about 15.1 liters.

Sunshine hours per day

With 3,103 hours of sunshine per year, South Africa is in the lead. The most hours of sunshine (8.9 per day) are in September. Australia falls into second place with only 2,884 hours. There the sun is visible in June for only 6.1 hours per day, so not hidden behind clouds.

Hours of daylight

The length of a day varies throughout the year and depends on the distance from the equator. In June, the day in Australia is only 10.5 hours long. In December, on the other hand, it is 13.8 hours. In South Africa, it is 10.4 hours in June and 14.0 in December.
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