Transport and infrastructure in Tajikistan

Our listing of the primary types of transport compares the infrastructure of Tajikistan with the average of all countries in Asia. The traffic routes have noticeable defects in many places and are often not in particularly good condition.

In terms of the length of its rail network, Tajikistan ranks 93rd in the world with 0.07 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 680 kilometers long. Freight traffic on the rails most recently totaled 274.00 million tons and kilometers traveled. Passenger traffic reached 21.70 million passenger-kilometers in 2020.

Airports in Tajikistan

Back to overview: Tajikistan

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 30,000 km. For each of the country's 9.75 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 3.08 meters. This puts Tajikistan in 143rd place in the global ranking. However, it is also important to note that the country's population density is very low at around 69 inhabitants per km². In this case, disproportionately long distances generally have to be covered to reach the more remote parts of the country.

With an average of 1572 traffic fatalities per year (2013 - 2019), road traffic in Tajikistan is considered rather mixed. This corresponds to 17.6 accident fatalities per 100,000 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 12.3 in the USA and 17.0 worldwide.

In Tajikistan, traffic drives on the right-hand side of the road, i.e. people drive in the right-hand lane and overtake on the left. Oncoming traffic comes toward you on the left side. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.



 totalper 1 mio
per km²
Roadways30,000 km3,076.90 km212.19 m
Railroads700 km69.74 km4.81 m
Waterways200 km20.51 km1.41 m
Commercial harbors00.000.000


 total per 1 mio
per km²
Roadways16,613,000 km3,547.96 km519.50 m
Railroads280,000 km59.81 km8.76 m
Waterways260,300 km55.59 km8.14 m
Commercial harbors45,9989.820.001

Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
Tajikistan: AirportsThe 4 airports in TajikistanThe 4 biggest airports in Tajikistan
Tajikistan: ClimateClimate details in TajikistanA climate analysis for Tajikistan incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, rainfalls
Ranking: MegacitiesMega cities - the biggest cities all over the worldRanking of the biggest cities worldwide. On top: Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing