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Energy sources in Tajikistan

Energy consumption in Tajikistan

The most important measure in the energy balance of Tajikistan is the total consumption of
12.96 bn kWh
of electric energy per year. Per capita this is an average of 1,390 kWh.


Tajikistan could provide itself completely with self-produced energy. The total production of all electric energy producing facilities is 17 bn kWh, which is 131% of the countries own usage. Despite this, Tajikistan is trading energy with foreign countries. Along with pure consumptions the production, imports and exports play an important role. Other energy sources such as natural gas or crude oil are also used.

Back to overview: Tajikistan

Energy Balance

ElectricitytotalTajikistan
per capita
USA
per capita
Own consumption12.96 bn kWh1,390.41 kWh11,887.66 kWh
Production17.03 bn kWh1,827.05 kWh12,475.65 kWh
Import103.00 m kWh11.05 kWh221.55 kWh
Export1.40 bn kWh150.20 kWh29.54 kWh
Crude OilBarrel/dayTajikistan
per capita
USA
per capita
Production180.00 bbl0.000 bbl0.033 bbl
Natural GasCubic metersTajikistan
per capita
USA
per capita
Own consumption19.82 m m³2.13 m³2,338.54 m³
Production19.82 m m³2.13 m³2,354.38 m³

Carbon footprint

CO2 emissions
in 2016
Tajikistan
per capita
USA
per capita
total5.31 m t0.61 t0.33 t
› of which diesel + gasoline2.39 m t0.28 t0.14 t
› of which natural gas7,334.00 t0.00 t0.10 t
› of which coal2.23 m t0.26 t0.09 t
› other sources674,728.00 t0.08 t0.00 t


Development of CO2 emissions from 1992 to 2016 in million tons

Carbon footprint Tajikistan


Production capacities per energy source

The given production capacities for electric energy have a theoretical value, which could only be obtainable under ideal conditions. They are measuring the generatable amount of energy, that would be reached under permanent and full use of all capacities of all power plants. In practice this isn't possible, because e.g. solar collectors are less efficient unter clouds. Also wind- and water-power plants are not always operating under full load. All these values are only useful in relation to other energy sources or countries.

Energy sourcetotal
in Tajikistan
percentage
in Tajikistan
percentage
USA
per capita
in Tajikistan
per capita
USA
Fossil fuels2.90 bn kWh6,0 %70,0 %310.59 kWh20,306.77 kWh
Nuclear power0.00 kWh0,0 %9,0 %0.00 kWh2,610.87 kWh
Water power45.36 bn kWh94,0 %7,0 %4,865.89 kWh2,030.68 kWh
Renewable energy0.00 kWh0,0 %14,0 %0.00 kWh4,061.35 kWh
Total production capacity48.25 bn kWh100,0 %100,0 %5,176.48 kWh29,009.67 kWh
Actual total production17.03 bn kWh35.3 %43.0 %1,827.05 kWh12,475.65 kWh

Usage of renewable energies

Renewable energies include wind, solar, biomass and geothermal energy sources. This means all energy sources that renew themselves within a short time or are permanently available. Energy from hydropower is only partly a renewable energy. This is certainly the case with river or tidal power plants. Otherwise, numerous dams or reservoirs also produce mixed forms, e.g. by pumping water into their reservoirs at night and recovering energy from them during the day when there is an increased demand for electricity. Since it is not possible to clearly determine the amount of generated energy, all energies from hydropower are displayed separately.

In 2015, renewable energies accounted for around 44.7 percent of actual total consumption in Tajikistan. The following chart shows the percentage share from 1990 to 2015:

Renewable energy Tajikistan