The climate in Tajikistan

Average daytime and nighttime temperatures

All climate diagrams on this page come from the collected data of 12 weather stations.
Weather stations at an altitude above 3580m have not been included.
All data correspond to the average monthly values of the last 20 years.

Back to overview: Tajikistan

Climate zone: The northern part of Tajikistan is located in the temperate climate zone, while the southern part is subtropical.

The climate in Tajikistan is quite varied, but generally does not offer extreme climate conditions. It is cold and wet with some nice summer months. The warmest and rainiest part of the country is Khatlon. The coldest is Gorno-Badakhshan. Due to the warmer temperatures, the best time for traveling is from May to September. Less attractive are the cold months from November to March.
Duration of daylight and sunshine in Tajikistan
Compare climate with other regions or countries
Hours of sunshine per daySunshine hours per day in Tajikistan
Rain days per monthRain days per month in Tajikistan
Precipitation in mm/dayPrecipitation in Tajikistan
Relative humidity in %Relative humidity in Tajikistan
Absolute humidity in g/m³Absolute humidity in Tajikistan

Regions in Tajikistan

All figures per year. For detailed climate data click on the name of the region.

max Ø day
min Ø night
Dushanbe23.8 °C7.9 °C2,154 h70 767 l59.0 %
Gorno-Badakhshan11.5 °C-2.1 °C1,643 h44 161 l49.0 %
Khatlon24.5 °C9.9 °C2,190 h53 493 l59.0 %
Republican Subordination23.8 °C7.9 °C2,154 h70 767 l59.0 %
Viloyati Sughd18.1 °C6.0 °C52 478 l

Temperature records of the last 16 years

The hottest temperature measured from 2007 to January 2023 was reported by the Dushanbe weather station. In July 2022, the record temperature of 45.3 °C was reported here. The hottest summer from July to September, based on all 12 weather stations in Tajikistan below 3,580 meters altitude, was recorded in 2007 with an average temperature of 27.4 °C. This average temperature will normally be measured every four to six hours, thus also including the nights. Normally, this value is 20.7 degrees Celsius. The average maximum daily temperature at that time was 33.7 °C.

The coldest day in these 16 years was reported by the Shahristanskij Pereval weather station. Here the temperature dropped to -29.4 °C in January 2023. Shahristanskij Pereval lies at an altitude of 3,143 meters above sea level. The coldest winter (January to March) was in 2023 with an average temperature of -4.6 °C. In Tajikistan, it is usual to have about 5.7 degrees more at 1.1 °C for this three-month period.

The most precipitation fell in March 2007. With 193.7 mm per day, the Khudjand weather station recorded the highest monthly average of the last 16 years.

Data basis and methodology

The data from the individual measuring stations are based on the archives of the German Weather Service, individual values averaged and supplemented by own elements. In order to determine a representative national average, average values were first calculated for each part of the country, which were then summarized at the national level. Thus, if a disproportionate number of weather stations are located in a small area, their number does not affect the national average.
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