Transport and infrastructure in Nepal

Our listing of the primary kinds of transport compares the infrastructure of Nepal with the average of all countries in Asia. The traffic routes have noticeable defects in many places and are often not in a particularly good condition.

In terms of the length of its rail network, Nepal ranks 135th in the world with 0.00 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 59 kilometers long.

Airports in Nepal

Back to overview: Nepal

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 27,990 km. For each of the country's 29.14 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 0.96 meters. This puts Nepal in 209th place in the global ranking. However, the country's size and population density of around 198 inhabitants per km² must also be taken into account. Countries with fewer inhabitants on the same or even larger area naturally achieve quite different values here and have to connect remote areas to the transport network despite a smaller population.

With an average of 4464 traffic fatalities per year (2012 - 2019), road traffic in Nepal is considered rather mixed. This corresponds to around 4.3 accident fatalities per 16.2 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 5.9 in the European Union as a whole and 17.1 worldwide.

In Nepal, traffic drives on the right-hand side of the road, i.e. people drive in the right-hand lane and overtake on the left. Oncoming traffic comes toward you on the left side. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.



 totalper 1 mio
per km²
Roadways28,000 km960.64 km190.18 m
Railroads100 km2.02 km0.40 m
Waterways0 km0.00 km0.00 m
Commercial harbors00.000.000


 total per 1 mio
per km²
Roadways14,699,500 km3,186.25 km459.66 m
Railroads280,000 km60.70 km8.76 m
Waterways260,300 km56.42 km8.14 m
Commercial harbors46,0549.980.001

Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
Nepal: AirportsLargest airports and airlines in NepalThe 9 biggest airports and 5 airlines in Nepal with further information and data
Nepal: ClimateClimate details in NepalA climate analysis for Nepal incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, Rainfalls
Ranking: MegacitiesMega cities - the biggest cities all over the worldRanking of the biggest cities worldwide. On top: Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing