Energy consumption in Nepal

The most important measure in the energy balance of Nepal is the total consumption of
3.75 billion kWh
of electric energy per year. Per capita this is an average of 128 kWh.


Nepal can partly provide itself with self-produced energy. The total production of all electric energy producing facilities is 3 bn kWh. That is 89% of the countries own usage. The rest of the needed energy is imported from foreign countries. Along with pure consumptions the production, imports and exports play an important role. Other energy sources such as natural gas or crude oil are also used.

Back to overview: Nepal

Energy Balance

ElectricitytotalNepal
per capita
Compared to Europe
per capita
Own consumption3.75 bn kWh127.83 kWh5,402.93 kWh
Production3.34 bn kWh114.04 kWh5,821.08 kWh
Import1.76 bn kWh59.99 kWh729.98 kWh
Export3.25 m kWh0.11 kWh718.00 kWh



Carbon footprint

totalNepal
per capita
Compared to Europe
per capita
CO2 emissions in 20148.03 m t0.27 t5.39 t


Development of CO2 emissions from 1980 to 2014 in million tons

Carbon footprint Nepal



Production capacities per energy source

The given production capacities for electric energy have a theoretical value, which could only be obtainable under ideal conditions. They are measuring the generatable amount of energy, that would be reached under permanent and full use of all capacities of all power plants. In practice this isn't possible, because e.g. solar collectors are less efficient unter clouds. Also wind- and water-power plants are not always operating under full load. All these values are only useful in relation to other energy sources or countries.

Energy sourcetotal
in Nepal
percentage
in Nepal
percentage
in Europe
per capita
in Nepal
per capita
in Europe
Fossil fuels462.53 m kWh6,3 %48,9 %15.78 kWh7,981.10 kWh
Nuclear power0.00 kWh0,0 %7,2 %0.00 kWh1,183.83 kWh
Water power6.59 bn kWh89,8 %23,4 %224.98 kWh3,823.32 kWh
Renewable energy264.30 m kWh3,6 %16,2 %9.02 kWh2,650.77 kWh
Other energy sources22.03 m kWh0,3 %4,3 %0.75 kWh694.97 kWh
Total production capacity7.34 bn kWh100,0 %100,0 %250.53 kWh16,333.99 kWh


Usage of renewable energies

Renewable energies include wind, solar, biomass and geothermal energy sources. This means all energy sources that renew themselves within a short time or are permanently available. Energy from hydropower is only partly a renewable energy. This is certainly the case with river or tidal power plants. Otherwise, numerous dams or reservoirs also produce mixed forms, e.g. by pumping water into their reservoirs at night and recovering energy from them during the day when there is an increased demand for electricity. Since it is not possible to clearly determine the amount of generated energy, all energies from hydropower are displayed separately.

In 2015, renewable energies accounted for around 85.3 percent of actual total consumption .inCountry().. The following chart shows the percentage share from 1990 to 2015:

Renewable energy Nepal