Transport and infrastructure in Cuba

Our listing of the primary types of transport compares the infrastructure of Cuba with the average of all countries in America. The main traffic and transport routes are in good condition, but do not reach the level of the leading industrial nations.

In terms of the length of its rail network, Cuba ranks 20th in the world with 0.74 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 8,367 kilometers long.

The waterways listed refer to inland traffic on rivers and canals. The number of ports includes those located on the 3,735 km of coastline. In 2019, about 340,950 freight containers were transported.

Airports in Cuba

Back to overview: Cuba

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 60,000 km. For each of the country's 11.26 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 5.33 meters. This puts Cuba in 105th place in the global ranking. However, the country's size and population density of around 102 inhabitants per km² must also be taken into account. Countries with fewer inhabitants in the same or even larger area naturally achieve quite different values here and have to connect remote areas to the transport network despite a smaller population.

With an average of 978 traffic fatalities per year (2013 - 2019), road traffic in Cuba is considered relatively safe. This corresponds to 8.6 accident fatalities per 100,000 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 12.3 in the USA and 17.0 worldwide.

In Cuba, traffic drives on the right-hand side of the road, i.e. people drive in the right-hand lane and overtake on the left. Oncoming traffic comes toward you on the left side. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.



 totalper 1 mio
per km²
Roadways60,000 km5,330.31 km546.05 m
Railroads8,400 km743.31 km76.15 m
Waterways240 km21.32 km2.18 m
Commercial harbors595.240.001

Central America

 total per 1 mio
per km²
Roadways950,800 km4,294.37 km349.46 m
Railroads31,600 km142.75 km11.62 m
Waterways9,600 km43.32 km3.53 m
Commercial harbors15,67270.780.006

Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
Cuba: AirportsLargest airports and airlines in CubaThe 17 biggest airports and 2 airlines in Cuba with further information and data with further information on airlines and destinations
Cuba: ClimateClimate details in CubaA climate analysis for Cuba incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, water temperature, rainfalls
Ranking: MegacitiesMega cities - the biggest cities all over the worldRanking of the biggest cities worldwide. On top: Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing