Transport and infrastructure in Bolivia

Our listing of the primary kinds of transport compares the infrastructure of Bolivia with the average of all countries in America. The main traffic and transport routes are in good condition, but do not reach the level of the leading industrial nations.

In terms of the length of its rail network, Bolivia ranks 48th in the world with 0.34 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 3,960 kilometers long.

The waterways and ports listed refer to inland traffic on rivers and canals, as there is no direct access to the sea in Bolivia.

Airports in Bolivia

Back to overview: Bolivia

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 90,568 km. For each of the country's 11.67 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 7.76 meters. This puts Bolivia in 69th place in the global ranking. However, it is also important to note the country's population density, which is very low at around 11 inhabitants per km². Like this, disproportionately long distances generally have to be covered to reach the more remote parts of the country.

With an average of 2242 traffic fatalities per year (2012 - 2019), road traffic in Bolivia is considered rather mixed. This corresponds to around 4.3 accident fatalities per 20.3 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 5.9 in the European Union as a whole and 17.1 worldwide.

In Bolivia, traffic drives on the right-hand side of the road, i.e. people drive in the right-hand lane and overtake on the left. Oncoming traffic comes toward you on the left side. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.



 totalper 1 mio
per km²
Roadways90,600 km7,758.74 km82.44 m
Railroads4,000 km339.24 km3.60 m
Waterways10,000 km856.68 km9.10 m
Commercial harbors453.860.000

South America

 total per 1 mio
per km²
Roadways3,097,400 km7,189.46 km173.93 m
Railroads85,100 km197.57 km4.78 m
Waterways119,400 km277.06 km6.70 m
Commercial harbors2,2275.170.000

Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
Bolivia: AirportsLargest airports and airlines in BoliviaThe 9 biggest airports and 2 airlines in Bolivia with further information and data
Bolivia: ClimateClimate details in BoliviaA climate analysis for Bolivia incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, Rainfalls
Ranking: MegacitiesMega cities - the biggest cities all over the worldRanking of the biggest cities worldwide. On top: Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing