Transport and infrastructure in Bolivia

Our listing of the primary types of transport compares the infrastructure of Bolivia with the average of all countries in America. The traffic routes have noticeable defects in many places and are often not in particularly good condition.

In terms of the length of its rail network, Bolivia ranks 50th in the world with 0.33 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 3,960 kilometers long.

Airports in Bolivia

Back to overview: Bolivia

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 90,568 km. For each of the country's 12.08 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 7.50 meters. This puts Bolivia in 74th place in the global ranking. However, it is also important to note that the country's population density is very low at around 11 inhabitants per km². In this case, disproportionately long distances generally have to be covered to reach the more remote parts of the country.

With an average of 2270 traffic fatalities per year (2013 - 2019), road traffic in Bolivia is considered rather mixed. This corresponds to 19.9 accident fatalities per 100,000 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 12.3 in the USA and 17.0 worldwide.

In Bolivia, left-hand traffic is the rule on the roads, i.e. you drive in the left lane and overtake on the right. Oncoming traffic comes to meet you on the right side. This regulation was enforced on January 1st, 1970. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.



 totalper 1 mio
per km²
Roadways90,600 km7,497.68 km82.44 m
Railroads4,000 km327.83 km3.60 m
Waterways10,000 km827.85 km9.10 m
Commercial harbors453.730.000

South America

 total per 1 mio
per km²
Roadways3,101,100 km7,134.46 km174.14 m
Railroads85,100 km195.82 km4.78 m
Waterways119,400 km274.61 km6.70 m
Commercial harbors2,2275.120.000

Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
Bolivia: AirportsLargest airports and airlines in BoliviaThe 14 biggest airports and 3 airlines in Bolivia with further information and data with further information on airlines and destinations
Bolivia: ClimateClimate details in BoliviaA climate analysis for Bolivia incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, rainfalls
Ranking: MegacitiesMega cities - the biggest cities all over the worldRanking of the biggest cities worldwide. On top: Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing