Transport and infrastructure in Uganda

Our listing of the primary kinds of transport compares the infrastructure of Uganda with the average of all countries in Africa. The traffic routes have noticeable defects in many places and are often not in a particularly good condition.

In terms of the length of its rail network, Uganda ranks 123rd in the world with 0.03 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 1,244 kilometers long.

Airports in Uganda

Back to overview: Uganda

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 20,544 km. For each of the country's 45.74 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 0.45 meters. This puts Uganda in 225th place in the global ranking. However, the country's size and population density of around 189 inhabitants per km² must also be taken into account. Countries with fewer inhabitants on the same or even larger area naturally achieve quite different values here and have to connect remote areas to the transport network despite a smaller population.

With an average of 11930 traffic fatalities per year (2012 - 2019), road traffic in Uganda is considered quite dangerous. This corresponds to around 4.3 accident fatalities per 29.9 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 5.9 in the European Union as a whole and 17.1 worldwide.

In Uganda, traffic drives on the right-hand side of the road, i.e. people drive in the right-hand lane and overtake on the left. Oncoming traffic comes toward you on the left side. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.



 totalper 1 mio
per km²
Roadways20,500 km449.14 km85.05 m
Railroads1,200 km27.20 km5.15 m
Waterways0 km0.00 km0.00 m
Commercial harbors10.020.000


 total per 1 mio
per km²
Roadways3,002,100 km2,239.70 km99.00 m
Railroads88,600 km66.09 km2.92 m
Waterways50,100 km37.35 km1.65 m
Commercial harbors7,8295.840.000

Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
Uganda: AirportsLargest airports and airlines in UgandaThe 2 biggest airports and 2 airlines in Uganda with further information and data (Entebbe Int'l. and Arua)
Uganda: ClimateClimate details in UgandaA climate analysis for Uganda incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, Rainfalls
Ranking: MegacitiesMega cities - the biggest cities all over the worldRanking of the biggest cities worldwide. On top: Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing