Transport and infrastructure in Uganda

Our listing of the primary kinds of transport compares the infrastructure of Uganda with the average of all countries in Africa. The traffic routes have noticeable defects in many places and are often not in a particularly good condition.

In terms of the length of its rail network, Uganda ranks 123rd in the world with 0.03 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 1,244 kilometers long.

Airports in Uganda

Back to overview: Uganda

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 20,544 km. For each of the country's 47.12 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 0.44 meters. This puts Uganda in 225th place in the global ranking. However, the country's size and population density of around 195 inhabitants per km² must also be taken into account. Countries with fewer inhabitants on the same or even larger area naturally achieve quite different values here and have to connect remote areas to the transport network despite a smaller population.

With an average of 12147 traffic fatalities per year (2012 - 2019), road traffic in Uganda is considered quite dangerous. This corresponds to around 4.3 accident fatalities per 29.9 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 12.2 in the USA and 17.1 worldwide.

In Uganda, left-hand traffic is the rule on the roads, i.e. you drive in the left lane and overtake on the right. Oncoming traffic comes to meet you on the right side. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.



 totalper 1 mio
per km²
Roadways20,500 km435.96 km85.05 m
Railroads1,200 km26.40 km5.15 m
Waterways0 km0.00 km0.00 m
Commercial harbors10.020.000


 total per 1 mio
per km²
Roadways3,002,100 km2,186.19 km99.00 m
Railroads88,600 km64.51 km2.92 m
Waterways50,100 km36.46 km1.65 m
Commercial harbors7,8295.700.000

Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
Uganda: AirportsLargest airports and airlines in UgandaThe 5 biggest airports and 2 airlines in Uganda with further information and data
Uganda: ClimateClimate details in UgandaA climate analysis for Uganda incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, Rainfalls
Ranking: MegacitiesMega cities - the biggest cities all over the worldRanking of the biggest cities worldwide. On top: Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing