Transport and infrastructure in Sudan

Our listing of the primary kinds of transport compares the infrastructure of Sudan with the average of all countries in Africa. The traffic routes have noticeable defects in many places and are often not in a particularly good condition.

In terms of the length of its rail network, Sudan ranks 69th in the world with 0.16 meters per inhabitant. In total, the rail network is 7,251 kilometers long. Freight traffic on the rails most recently totaled 33.90 million tons and kilometers traveled. Passenger traffic reached 81.50 million passenger-kilometers in 2014.

The waterways listed refer to inland traffic on rivers and canals. The number of ports includes those located on the total 853 km of coastline. In 2020, about 493,002.30 freight containers were transported.

Airports in Sudan

Back to overview: Sudan

Road traffic

The network of roads and highways has a total length of 31,000 km. For each of the country's 44.91 million inhabitants, this corresponds to 0.69 meters. This puts Sudan in 220th place in the global ranking. However, it is also important to note the country's population density, which is very low at around 24 inhabitants per km². Like this, disproportionately long distances generally have to be covered to reach the more remote parts of the country.

With an average of 10089 traffic fatalities per year (2012 - 2019), road traffic in Sudan is considered quite dangerous. This corresponds to around 4.3 accident fatalities per 25.0 inhabitants per year. By comparison, this figure is 12.2 in the USA and 17.1 worldwide.

In Sudan, traffic drives on the right-hand side of the road, i.e. people drive in the right-hand lane and overtake on the left. Oncoming traffic comes toward you on the left side. This regulation was enforced on September 1st, 1973. Here you can also find an overview of all countries with left-hand traffic.



 totalper 1 mio
per km²
Roadways31,000 km690.28 km16.49 m
Railroads7,300 km161.46 km3.86 m
Waterways4,068 km90.58 km2.16 m
Commercial harbors150.330.000


 total per 1 mio
per km²
Roadways3,002,100 km2,186.19 km99.00 m
Railroads88,600 km64.51 km2.92 m
Waterways50,100 km36.46 km1.65 m
Commercial harbors7,8295.700.000

Data sources used

Global Health Observatory Data Repository (World Health Organization)
Internation Union of Railways (UIC)
CIA Factbook
OECD Statistics
Wikipedia (german)
Sudan: AirportsLargest airports and airlines in SudanThe 9 biggest airports and 2 airlines in Sudan with further information and data
Sudan: ClimateClimate details in SudanA climate analysis for Sudan incl. temperatures, humidity, rain days per month, hours of sunshine, Water temperature, Rainfalls
Ranking: MegacitiesMega cities - the biggest cities all over the worldRanking of the biggest cities worldwide. On top: Shanghai, Chongqing and Beijing