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Population growth

Population growth in Sao Tome and Principe

From 1960 to 2020 the population of Sao Tome and Principe increased from 64,294.00 to 219,161.00 people. This is a growth by 240.9 percent in 60 years. The highest increase in Sao Tome and Principe was recorded in 1968 with 3.26%. The biggest decrease in 1963 with -0.37%.

In the same period, the total population of all countries worldwide increased by 156.0 percent.
The average age in Sao Tome and Principe rose by 0.17 years from 2012 to 2020 from 19.13 to 19.30 years (median value).

Around 74% of the inhabitants live in the country's larger cities. This growing trend of urbanization is increasing by 2.9% annually.

Population growth in worldwide comparison



Back to overview: Sao Tome and Principe

Population development in Sao Tome and Principe since 1960

(Data given in 1000 inhabitants)
YearPopulation
Sao Tome and Principe
ChangeBirthrateDeathratePopulation
World
Change
196165,0000.47 %47.4 ‰17.4 ‰3,072 M1.30 %
196264,000-0.18 %47.1 ‰16.9 ‰3,125 M1.72 %
196364,000-0.37 %46.5 ‰16.3 ‰3,190 M2.08 %
196464,0000.06 %45.8 ‰15.6 ‰3,255 M2.05 %
196565,0000.94 %45.1 ‰14.8 ‰3,322 M2.06 %
196666,0001.99 %44.2 ‰14.1 ‰3,392 M2.11 %
196768,0002.82 %43.4 ‰13.6 ‰3,462 M2.05 %
196870,0003.26 %42.6 ‰13.1 ‰3,533 M2.06 %
196973,0003.19 %42.0 ‰12.9 ‰3,607 M2.09 %
197075,0002.85 %41.5 ‰12.7 ‰3,682 M2.09 %
197176,0002.38 %41.2 ‰12.6 ‰3,761 M2.13 %
197278,0002.08 %41.0 ‰12.5 ‰3,837 M2.03 %
197379,0001.97 %40.9 ‰12.3 ‰3,913 M1.98 %
197481,0002.12 %40.9 ‰11.9 ‰3,988 M1.93 %
197583,0002.45 %41.0 ‰11.5 ‰4,063 M1.86 %
197685,0002.82 %41.1 ‰11.1 ‰4,135 M1.80 %
197788,0003.07 %41.2 ‰10.8 ‰4,208 M1.75 %
197891,0003.11 %41.3 ‰10.5 ‰4,281 M1.75 %
197993,0002.88 %41.3 ‰10.4 ‰4,357 M1.76 %
198096,0002.49 %41.3 ‰10.4 ‰4,433 M1.75 %
198198,0002.07 %41.2 ‰10.6 ‰4,511 M1.76 %
198299,0001.75 %41.1 ‰10.7 ‰4,592 M1.80 %
1983101,0001.59 %41.0 ‰10.8 ‰4,674 M1.78 %
1984103,0001.74 %40.9 ‰10.9 ‰4,756 M1.75 %
1985105,0002.04 %40.8 ‰11.0 ‰4,839 M1.75 %
1986107,0002.39 %40.7 ‰11.1 ‰4,925 M1.77 %
1987110,0002.63 %40.5 ‰11.1 ‰5,013 M1.78 %
1988113,0002.75 %40.4 ‰11.1 ‰5,101 M1.77 %
1989116,0002.67 %40.2 ‰11.1 ‰5,190 M1.74 %
1990119,0002.49 %40.1 ‰11.1 ‰5,280 M1.74 %
1991122,0002.30 %39.9 ‰11.0 ‰5,368 M1.67 %
1992125,0002.15 %39.8 ‰10.9 ‰5,453 M1.57 %
1993127,0002.00 %39.6 ‰10.8 ‰5,538 M1.56 %
1994129,0001.86 %39.5 ‰10.7 ‰5,622 M1.52 %
1995132,0001.74 %39.4 ‰10.5 ‰5,707 M1.51 %
1996134,0001.61 %39.4 ‰10.3 ‰5,790 M1.45 %
1997136,0001.52 %39.4 ‰10.1 ‰5,872 M1.43 %
1998138,0001.49 %39.5 ‰9.8 ‰5,954 M1.39 %
1999140,0001.53 %39.5 ‰9.4 ‰6,034 M1.35 %
2000142,0001.64 %39.6 ‰9.1 ‰6,114 M1.32 %
2001145,0001.75 %39.6 ‰8.7 ‰6,194 M1.30 %
2002147,0001.86 %39.5 ‰8.3 ‰6,273 M1.28 %
2003150,0002.00 %39.4 ‰7.9 ‰6,352 M1.26 %
2004154,0002.21 %39.2 ‰7.5 ‰6,432 M1.25 %
2005157,0002.43 %38.8 ‰7.2 ‰6,512 M1.25 %
2006162,0002.67 %38.4 ‰6.8 ‰6,593 M1.24 %
2007166,0002.86 %37.8 ‰6.6 ‰6,674 M1.24 %
2008171,0002.90 %37.3 ‰6.3 ‰6,757 M1.24 %
2009176,0002.78 %36.6 ‰6.1 ‰6,840 M1.22 %
2010180,0002.56 %36.0 ‰5.8 ‰6,922 M1.20 %
2011185,0002.30 %35.4 ‰5.7 ‰7,004 M1.18 %
2012188,0002.10 %34.7 ‰5.5 ‰7,089 M1.22 %
2013192,0001.95 %34.1 ‰5.4 ‰7,176 M1.22 %
2014196,0001.90 %33.5 ‰5.2 ‰7,262 M1.20 %
2015199,0001.90 %33.0 ‰5.1 ‰7,348 M1.18 %
2016203,0001.90 %32.4 ‰5.0 ‰7,434 M1.17 %
2017207,0001.90 %32.0 ‰4.9 ‰7,519 M1.15 %
2018211,0001.91 %31.5 ‰4.8 ‰7,602 M1.11 %
2019215,0001.90 %31.2 ‰4.8 ‰7,683 M1.06 %
2020219,0001.91 %  7,762 M1.02 %



Population growth

Birth- and deathrate in Sao Tome and Principe

Population growth is the result of the birth rate, the mortality rate and the migration rate. The example of the year 2019 in the graph: The population in Sao Tome and Principe increased by about 4,020 inhabitants. In the same year, the death rate was 4.8 per 1000 people (~ 1,000 deaths) and the birth rate was 31.2 per 1000 people (~ 6,570 births). As a result, around 1,550 inhabitants have migrated to other countries.

Over the past 10 years, the number of average deaths per year was 1,029 in Sao Tome and Principe. The number of births was 6,581 annually.

The development of births and deaths is displayed in the following graph. All data refer to births or deaths per 1000 inhabitants.





Birthrate      
Deathrate

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